Experimental Assessment of Wire-Wrapped Screens Performance in SAGD Production Wells
- Jesus David Montero Pallares (University of Alberta) | Chenxi Wang (University of Alberta) | Mohammad Haftani (University of Alberta) | Yu Pang (University of Alberta) | Mahdi Mahmoudi (RGL Reservoir Management Inc.) | Vahidoddin Fattahpour (RGL Reservoir Management Inc.) | Alireza Nouri (University of Alberta)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, 27-29 November, Banff, Alberta, Canada
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2018. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 3 Production and Well Operations, 5 Reservoir Desciption & Dynamics, 3.2 Well Operations and Optimization, 5.3 Reservoir Fluid Dynamics, 3 Production and Well Operations, 5.3.2 Multiphase Flow, 5.4.6 Thermal Methods, 2.2 Installation and Completion Operations, 3 Production and Well Operations, 2 Well completion, 5.3.9 Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage, 5.4 Improved and Enhanced Recovery, 2.4 Sand Control, 3.2.3 Produced Sand / Solids Management and Control
- SAGD, Screen Design, Sand Control, Wire Wrapped Screens
- 3 in the last 30 days
- 211 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 5.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 28.00|
This study presents an evaluation of Wire-Wrapped Screens (WWS) performance for SAGD production wells based on Pre-packed Sand Retention Testing (SRT). The impacts of features such as flow rates, water cut, steam-breakthrough events and fluid properties on flow performance and sand production are analyzed. The aim is to obtain a better understanding of WWS performance under several SAGD operational conditions for typical sand classes in the McMurray Formation in Western Canada.
The study employs a large pre-packed SRT to assess the performance of WWS with different aperture sizes and standard wire geometries. The testing plan includes sand samples with two representative particle size distributions (PSD's) and fines contents. Testing procedures were designed to capture typical field flow rates, water cut, and steam-breakthrough scenarios. The amount of sand production and pressure drop across the zone of the screen and adjacent sand were measured and used to assess the screen performance. Furthermore, fines production was measured to evaluate plugging tendencies and flow impairment during production.
The experimental results and data analysis show that aperture selection of WWS is dominated by their sand retention ability rather than the flow performance. The relatively high open flow area (OFA) makes WWS less prone to plugging. There is an increase in flow impairment after finalizing the injection scheme (oil+water+gas); however, it is controlled over the acceptable margins even with a narrow aperture. Further, a comparison of initial and final turbidity measurements showed that fines mobilization and production during single-phase brine flow was higher than in two-phase brine-oil flow at the same liquid flow rate. Excessive produced sand was observed for wider slots during the multi-phase (brine, oil, and gas) flow when gas was present, highlighting the impact of the breakthrough of wet steam on sand control performance. Flow impairment and pressure drop evolution were strongly related to the mobilization and accumulation of fines particles in the area close to the screen coupon; it is critical to allow the discharge of fines to maintain a high-retained permeability. Results also signify the importance of adopting adequate flow rates and production scenarios in the testing since variable water cuts and GORs showed to impact both sanding and flow performances.
This research incorporates both single-phase and multiphase flow testing to improve design criteria for wire-wrapped screens and provide an insight into their performance in thermal recovery projects. An improved post-mortem analysis includes fines production measurements to correlate these to the retained permeability caused by the pore plugging, which has hardly been evaluated in previous studies.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||13|
Alberta Energy Regulator. 2017. Data & Publications/In-Situ Performance Presentations. https://www.aer.ca/data-and-publications/activity-and-data/in-situ-performance-presentations (Accessed August 2017)
Anderson, M. 2017. SAGD Sand Control: Large Scale Testing Results. Presented at the SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, 15-16 February, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. SPE-185967-MS. 10.2118/185967-MS.
Bennion, D. B., Gupta, S., Gittins, S.. 2009. Protocols for slotted liner design for optimum SAGD operation. Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology, 48(11): 21-26. SPE-130441-PA. 10.2118/130441-PA.
Chanpura, R. A., Hodge, R. M., Andrews, J. S.. 2011. A review of screen selection for standalone applications and a new methodology. SPE Drilling & Completion, 26(01): 84-95. SPE-127931-PA. 10.2118/127931-PA.
Chanpura, R. A., Mondal, S., Sharma, M. M.. 2012. Unraveling the Myths in Selection of Standalone Screens and a New Methodology for Sand Control Applications. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 8-10 October, San Antonio, Texas, USA SPE-158922-MS. 10.2118/158922-MS.
Devere-Bennett, N. 2015. Using Prepack Sand-Retention Tests (SRT's) to Narrow Down Liner/Screen Sizing in SAGD Wells. Presented at the SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, 23-25 November, Banff, Alberta, Canada. SPE-178443-MS. 10.2118/178443-MS.
Fattahpour, V., Azadbakht, S., Mahmoudi, M.. 2016b. Effect of Near Wellbore Effective Stress on the Performance of Slotted Liner Completions in SAGD Operations. Presented at the SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, 28 November-1 December, Banff, Alberta, Canada. SPE-182507-MS. 10.2118/182507-MS.
Gates, I. D., Kenny, J., Hernandez-Hdez, I. L.. 2007. Steam Injection Strategy and Energetics of Steam-Assisted Gravity Drainage. SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering, 10 (1): 19-34. SPE-97742-PA. 10.2118/97742-PA.
Han, G. and Dusseault, M. 2002. Quantitative Analysis of Mechanisms for Water-Related Sand Production. Presented at SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control held in Lafayette, Louisiana, 20-21 February. SPE 73737-MS. 10.2118/73737-MS.
Hodge, R. M., Burton, R. C., Constien, V.. 2002. An Evaluation Method for Screen-Only and Gravel-Pack Completions. Presented at the International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, 20-21 February, Lafayette, Louisiana. SPE-73772-MS. 10.2118/73772-MS.
Kaiser, T. M. V., Wilson, S., Venning, L. A. 2002. Inflow Analysis and Optimization of Slotted Liners. SPE Drilling & Completion, 17(4): 200-209. SPE-80145-PA. 10.2118/80145-PA.
Ladd, R. S. 1978. Preparing Test Specimens Using Undercompaction. Geotechnical Testing Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1978, pp. 16-23, 10.1520/GTJ10364J.
Mahmoudi, M., Fattahpour, V., Nouri, A.. 2016a. New Criteria for Slotted Liner Design for Heavy Oil Thermal Production. Presented at the SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, 28 November-1 December, Banff, Alberta, Canada. SPE-182511-MS. 10.2118/182511-MS.
Mahmoudi, M., Fattahpour, V., Nouri, A.. 2016b. An Experimental Investigation of the Effect of pH and Salinity on Sand Control Performance for Heavy Oil Thermal Production. Presented at the SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, 7-9 June, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. SPE-180756-MS. 10.2118/180756-MS.
Mahmoudi, M., Fattahpour, V., Nouri, A.. 2016c. Investigation Into the Use of Commercial Sands and Fines to Replicate Oil Sands for Large-Scale Sand Control Testing. Presented at the SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, 28 November-1 December, Banff, Alberta, Canada. SPE-182517-MS. 10.2118/182517-MS.
Mahmoudi, M., Fattahpour, V., Nouri, A.. 2017. An Experimental Evaluation of Pore Plugging and Permeability Reduction Near SAGD Sand Control Liners. Presented at the SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, 15-16 February, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. SPE-184999-MS. 10.2118/184999-MS.
Mahmoudi, M., Roostaei, M., Fattahpour, V.. 2018. Standalone Sand Control Failure: Review of Slotted Liner, Wire Wrap Screen, and Premium Mesh Screen Failure Mechanism. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 24-26 September 2018, Dallas, Texas, USA. SPE-191553-MS. 10.2118/191553-MS.
Markestad, P., Christie, O., Espedal, A.. 1996. Selection of Screen Slot Width to Prevent Plugging and Sand Production. Society of Petroleum Engineers. Presented at the SPE Formation Damage Control Symposium, 14-15 February, Lafayette, Louisiana. SPE-31087-MS. 10.2118/31087-MS.
Mohajer, M. M., Perez Damas, C. E., Berbin Silva, A. J.. 2010. An Integrated Framework for SAGD Real-Time Optimization. Presented at the SPE Intelligent Energy Conference and Exhibition, 23-25 March, Utrecht, The Netherlands. SPE-128426-MS. 10.2118/128426-MS.
Montero, J. D., Chissonde, S., Kotb, O.. 2018. A Critical Review of Sand Control Evaluation Testing for SAGD Applications. Presented at the SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, 13-14 March, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. SPE 189773-MS. 10.2118/189773-MS.
O'Hara, M. 2015. Thermal Operations In The McMurray; An Approach To Sand Control. Presented at the SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, 23-25 November, Banff, Alberta, Canada. SPE-178446-MS. 10.2118/178446-MS.
Romanova, U. G., & Ma, T. 2013. An Investigation on the Plugging Mechanisms in a Slotted Liner from the Steam Assisted Gravity Operations. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference & Exhibition, 5-7 June, Noordwijk, The Netherlands. SPE-165111-MS. 10.2118/165111-MS.
Romanova, U. G., Ma, T., Piwowar, M.. 2015. Thermal Formation Damage and Relative Permeability of Oil Sands of the Lower Cretaceous Formations in Western Canada. Presented at the SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, 9-11 June, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. SPE-174449-MS. 10.2118/174449-MS.
Stahl, R. M., Smith, J. D., Hobbs, S.. 2014. Application of Intelligent Well Technology to a SAGD Producer: Firebag Field Trial. Presented at the SPE Heavy Oil Conference-Canada, 10-12 June, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. SPE-170153-MS. 10.2118/170153-MS.
Spronk, E.M., Doan, L.T., Matsuno, Y.. 2015. SAGD Liner Evaluation and Liner Test Design for JACOS Hangingstone SAGD Development. Presented SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, 9-11 June, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. SPE-174503-MS. 10.2118/174503-MS.
Van Vliet, J., & Hughes, M. J. 2015. Comparison of Direct-Wrap and Slip-On Wire Wrap Screens for Thermal Well Applications. Presented at the SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, 23-25 November, Banff, Alberta, Canada. SPE-178462-MS. 10.2118/178462-MS.
Vaziri, H., Barree, B., Xiao Y.. 2002. What is the Magic of Water in Producing Sand?. Presented at SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition held in San Antonio, Texas, 29 September. SPE 77683-MS. 10.2118/77683-MS.
Williamson, H., Babaganov, A., & Romanova, U. 2016. Unlocking Potential Of The Lower Grand Rapids Formation, Western Canada: The Role Of Sand Control and Operational Practices in SAGD Performance. Presented at the SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, 7-9 June, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. SPE-180700-MS. 10.2118/180700-MS.
Zhang, W., Youn, S., & Doan, Q. T. 2007. Understanding Reservoir Architectures and Steam-Chamber Growth at Christina Lake, Alberta, by Using 4D Seismic and Crosswell Seismic Imaging. SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering, 10 (05): 446-452. SPE-97808-PA. 10.2118/97808-PA.