An Experimental Investigation into the Sand Control and Flow Performance of the Remedial Tubing Deployed Scab Liners in Thermal Production
- Vahidoddin Fattahpour (RGL Reservoir Management) | Mahdi Mahmoudi (RGL Reservoir Management) | Morteza Roostaei (RGL Reservoir Management) | Patrick Nolan (Canadian Natural Resources Limited) | Colby Sutton (RGL Reservoir Management) | Brent Fermaniuk (RGL Reservoir Management)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, 27-29 November, Banff, Alberta, Canada
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2018. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.3.9 Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage, 3.2.3 Produced Sand / Solids Management and Control, 2.3 Completion Monitoring Systems/Intelligent Wells, 3 Production and Well Operations, 2.4 Sand Control, 2.3.3 Inflow Control Equipment, 2.2 Installation and Completion Operations, 3.2 Well Operations and Optimization, 4.3.4 Scale, 2.1.3 Completion Equipment, 2 Well completion
- Sand production, Tubing deployed scab liner, Pressure Drop, Wire Wrap Screen, Remedial Sand Control
- 22 in the last 30 days
- 91 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 8.50|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 25.00|
With the aging of the SAGD projects and growing number of wells with hot-spot and sand production problems, there is a growing interest in the remedial completion with Inflow Control Device (ICD) and tubing deployed scab liner. The current study aims at better understanding the annular flow, sand transport in the annular space and the expected pressure drops and the produced sand for tubing deployed scab liner sand control solution using a large-scale experimental well simulator.
A large-scale wellbore simulator was developed to study the performance of the tubing deployed scab liner screen as remedial sand control, where the sand entry point, the concentration and PSD of the sand in addition to the flow rate and the ratio of different phases could be controlled precisely. Two-phase flow of oil and brine along with sand could be injected through different ports along the clear pipe, emulating the slurry flow entering into the wellbore. Clear pipe allows visualization of the sand transport and sand accumulation above the tubing deployed scab liner during the fluid injection. An experimental study of the performance of Wire Wrap Screen (WWS) with different aperture sizes is presented in this paper.
Results indicated the requirement of a different approach for designing the correct aperture size for remedial scab liners since using the current design sand control criteria leads to large amount of solid production. It seems that the design of aperture size for scab liners should be more toward the lower bound in comparison with the common screen designs in thermal applications. The sand entry point distance from the tubing deployed scab liner screen position was found to be the critical parameter in the sanding and flow performance of the remedial sand control. Fluid flow in the annulus causes the segregation of sand grains; finer grains are carried with fluid, while coarser grains settle closer to the injection ports. The slurry flow regime in the annulus results in continuous sand production until a stable bridge and later a stable sand bed is formed on top of the tubing deployed scab liner screen. Moreover, results showed that the main pressure drop happens across the nozzles on the tubing, while the pressure drop across the accumulated sand pack in the annulus and coupon was less significant.
This paper introduces an experimental tool for evaluating the tubing deployed scab liner performance as remedial sand control in thermal applications. The developed experimental testing and facility could help to better design and evaluate the remedial tubing deployed scab liner sand control solutions.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||14|
Adams, P.R.,Davis, E.R.,Hodge,et al. 2009. Current State of the Premium Screen Industry; Buyer Beware. Methodical Testing and Qualification Shows You Don't Always Get What You Paid for. SPE Drilling and Completion, 24(3): 362-372. SPE-110082-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/110082-PA.
Bennion, B.,Gittins, S.,Gupta, S.et al. 2008. Protocols for Slotted Liner Design for Optimum SAGD Operation. Presented at the Canadian International Petroleum Conference/SPE Gas Technology Symposium Joint Conference, Calgary, Alberta, 17-19 June. SPE-130441-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/2008-186.
Chanpura, R.A.,Hodge, R.M.,Andrews, J.S.,et al. 2011. A Review of Screen Selection for Standalone Applications and a New Methodology. SPE Drilling and Completion. 26(1): 84-95. SPE-127931-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/127931-PA.
Duan, M.,Miska, S. Z.,Yu, M.,et al. 2009. Critical Conditions for Effective Sand-Sized Solids Transport in Horizontal and High-Angle Wells. SPE Drilling & Completion, 24(02): N/A. SPE-106707-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/106707-PA.
Fattahpour, V.,Mahmoudi, M.,Roostaei, M.et al. 2018a. Sand Control Testing for Steam Injection Wells, Presented at SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. 13-14 March. SPE-189766-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/189766-MS.
Ghesmat, K., and Zaho, L. 2015. SAGD Well-Pair Completion Optimization Using Scab Liner and Steam Splitters, JCPT, 54(6):387-393. SPE-170076-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/170076-PA.
Gillespie, G.,Deem, C.K., and Malbrel, C. 2000. Screen Selection for Sand Control Based on Laboratory Tests. Presented at Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Brisbane, Australia, 16-18 October. SPE- 64398. https://doi.org/10.2118/64398-MS.
Hodge, R.M.,Burton, R.C.,Constien, V.et al. 2002. An Evaluation Method for Screen-Only and Gravel-Pack Completions. Presented at the SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, 20-21 February. SPE-73772. https://doi.org/10.2118/73772-MS.
Kaiser, T.,Wilson, S., and Venning, L. 2000. Inflow Analysis and Optimization of Slotted Liners. Presented at the International Conference on Horizontal Well Technology, Calgary, Alberta, 6-8 November. SPE-65517-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/65517-MS.
Kaiser, T.M.V.,Wilson, S., and Venning, L.A. 2002. Inflow Analysis and Optimization of Slotted Liners. SPE Drilling and Completion. 17(4):200-209. SPE-80145-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/80145-PA.
Li, J.,Misselbrook, J., and Seal J.W. 2008. Sand cleanout with coiled tubing: Choice of process, tools, or fluids? Presented at Proceeding of the Europec/EAGE Conference and Exhibition, Rome, Italy, June 9- 12. SPE-113267-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/113267-MS.
Mahmoudi, M.,Fattahpour, V.,Nouri, A.et al. 2015. Oil Sand Characterization for Standalone Screen Design and Large-Scale Laboratory Testing for Thermal Operations. Presented at the SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, Banff, Alberta, Canada, 23-25 November. SPE-178470-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/178470-MS.
Mahmoudi, M.,Fattahpour, V.,Nouri, A.et al. 2016a. An Experimental Investigation of the Effect of pH and Salinity on Sand Control Performance for Heavy Oil Thermal Production. Presented at the SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, 7-9 June, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. SPE-180756-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/180756-MS.
Mahmoudi, M.,Fattahpour, V.,Nouri, A.et al. 2016c. New Criteria for Slotted Liner Design for Heavy Oil Thermal Production. Presented at the SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, Banff, Alberta, Canada, 28-30 November. SPE-182511-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/182511-MS.
Mahmoudi, M.,Fattahpour, V.,Nouri, A.et al. 2016d. Investigation into the Use of Commercial Sands and Fines to Replicate Oil Sands for Large-Scale Sand Control Testing. Presented at the SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, Banff, Alberta, Canada, 28-30 November. SPE-182517-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/182517-MS.
Mahmoudi, M.,Fattahpour, V.,Nouri, A.et al. 2017. An Experimental Evaluation of Pore Plugging and Permeability Reduction Near SAGD Sand Control Liners. Presented at the SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 7-9 June. SPE-184999-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/184999-MS.
Mahmoudi, M.,Fattahpour, V.,Roostaei, M.et al. 2018a. An Experimental Investigation into Sand Control Failure due to Steam Breakthrough in SAGD Wells. Presented at SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 13-14 March. SPE-189769-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/189769-MS.
Mahmoudi, M.,Fattahpour, V.,Wang, C.et al. 2018b. A Large-Scale Sand Retention Test Facility for Evaluation and Selection of Optimal Standalone Sand Screen for Injection Wells in Thermal Operations. Presented at SPE International Conference and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA, 7-9 February. SPE-189557-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/189557-MS.
Roostaei, M.,Mahmoudi, M.,Nouri, A.et al. 2018. Sand Control Design through Assessment of Mathematical Models Representing Particle Size Distribution of Reservoir Sands. Presented at SPE International Conference and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA, 7-9 February. SPE-189528-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/189528-MS.