Casing Failure Data Analytics: A Novel Data Mining Approach in Predicting Casing Failures for Improved Drilling Performance and Production Optimization
- C. I. Noshi (Texas A&M University) | S. F. Noynaert (Texas A&M University) | J. J. Schubert (Texas A&M University)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 24-26 September, Dallas, Texas, USA
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2018. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 2.4 Hydraulic Fracturing, 7.6.4 Data Mining, 3.2.7 Lifecycle Management and Planning, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 4 Facilities Design, Construction and Operation, 7 Management and Information, 3 Production and Well Operations, 3 Production and Well Operations, 2.5.2 Fracturing Materials (Fluids, Proppant), 4.1 Processing Systems and Design, 1.6.6 Directional Drilling, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 7.6 Information Management and Systems, 3 Production and Well Operations, 2 Well completion, 3.2 Well Operations and Optimization
- Supervised and unsupervised Algorithms, Casing Failure, Predictive Analytics, Data Mining, Data Analytics
- 21 in the last 30 days
- 455 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 8.50|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 25.00|
The last decade has spotted a tremendous upsurge in casing failures. The aftermaths of casing failure can include the possibility of blowouts, environmental pollution, injuries/fatalities, and loss of the entire well to name a few. The motivation behind this work is to present findings from a predictive analytics investigation of casing failure data using supervised and unsupervised data mining algorithms. Scientists and researchers have speculated the potential underlying causes of failure but to date this type of work remains unpublished and unavailable in the public domain literature.
The study assembled comprehensive data from eighty land-based wells during drilling, fracturing, workover, and production operations. Twenty wells suffered from casing failure while the remaining sixty offset wells were compiled from well reports, fracturing treatment data, drilling records, and recovered casing data. The failures were unsystemic but included fatigue failure, bending stresses from excessive dogleg, buckling, high hoop stress on connections, and split coupling. The failures were detected at various depths, both in cemented and uncemented hole sections. Failures were spotted at the upper and lower production casing. Using a predictive analytics software from SAS, twenty-six variables were evaluated through the application of various data mining techniques on the failed casing data points. The missing data was accounted for using multivariate normal imputation. The study outcome addressed common casing sizes and couplings involved with each failure, failure location, hydraulic fracturing stages, cement impairment, dogleg severity, thermal and tensile loads, production-induced shearing, and DLS. The predictive algorithms used in this study included Logistic Regression, supervised Hierarchal Clustering, and Decision Trees. While the descriptive analytics manifested in visual representations included Scatterplot Matrices and PivotTables. A combination of the causes of failure were identified. A total of five statistical techniques using the aforementioned algorithms were developed to evaluate the concurrent effect of the interplay of these variables. Nineteen variables were believed to possess a high contribution to failure. Scatterplot matrix suggested a complex correlation between the total base water used in fracturing simulation and casing thickness. Logistic Regression suggested nine variables were significant including: TVD, operator, frac start month, MD of most severe DL, heel TVD, hole size, BHT, total proppant mass, cumulative DLS in lateral and build sections variables as significant failure contributors. PivotTables showed that the rate of casing failure was highest during the winter season.
This investigation is aimed to develop a thorough understanding of casing failures and the myriad of contributing factors to develop comprehensive predictive models for future failure prediction via the application of data mining algorithms. These models intend to provide a theoretical and statistical basis for cost-effective, safe, and better drilling practices.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||24|
Abdulhameed, D., Cheng, R., Martens, M.. 2016. The Influence of the Internal Pressure and in-Plane Bending on Pipe Elbows. Presented at the Annual Conference of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering, London, UK. 1–4 June. https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1150&context=csce2016.
Bickley, M. C. and Curry, W. E. 1992. Designing Wells for Subsidence in the Great Ekofisk Area. Presented at the European Petroleum Conference, Cannes, France, 16–18 November. SPE-24966-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/24966-MS.
Brady, C.L. and Morrow, S.J. 1994. An Economic Assessment of Artificial Lift in Low-Pressure, Tight Gas Sands in Ochiltree County, Texas. Presented at the SPE Mid-Continent Gas Symposium, Amarillo, Texas, USA. 22–24 May. SPE-27932-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/27932-MS.
Bruno, M. S. 1992. Subsidence-Induced Well Failure. SPE Drill Eng 7 (2): 148–152. SPE-20058-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/20058-PA.
Daneshy, A. A. 2005. Impact of Off-Balance Fracturing on Borehole Stability and Casing Failure. Presented at the SPE Western Regional Meeting, Irvine, California, USA. 30 March–1 April. SPE-93620-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/93620-MS.
Darbonne N. 2011. The Western Anadarko Basin. OilandGasInvestor.com, 1 October 2011, https://www.oilandgasinvestor.com/western-anadarko-basin-487556 (accessed 1 May 2018).
DrillingInfo. 2018. https://info.drillinginfo.com (accessed 01 March 2018).
Dusseault, M. B. and El-Sayed, S. 2000. Heavy-Oil Production Enhancement by Encouraging Sand Production. Presented at the SPE/DOE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA. 3–5 April. SPE-59276-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/59276-MS.
Dusseault, M. B., Bruno, M. S., and Barrera, J. 2001. Casing Shear: Causes, Cases, Cures. SPE Drill & Compl 16 (2): 98–107. SPE-72060-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/72060-PA.
FracFocus. 2018. https://fracfocusdata.org/DisclosureSearch/Search.aspx (accessed 01 March 2018).
Huang, W. and Gao, D. 2015. A Theoretical Study of the Critical External Pressure for Casing Collapse. J Nat Gas Sci Eng. 27: 290–297. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jngse.2015.08.063.
Jackson, P. B. and Murphey, C. E. 1993. Effect of Casing Pressure on Gas Flow Through A Sheath Of Set Cement. Presented at the SPE/IADC Drilling Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 23–25 February. SPE-25698-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/25698-MS.
Jaffe, L.Maidla, E., Irrgang, R.. 1997. Casing Design for Extended Reach Wells. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, USA. 5–8 October. SPE-38617-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/38617-MS.
Lin, T., Yu, H., Lian, Z.. 2017. Casing Failure Mechanism During Volume Fracturing: A Case Study Of Shale Gas Well. Advances in Mechanical Engineering 9 (8): 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1177/1687814017717182.
Lovett, W. T. and Atkins, R. J. 1996. Development of the Cleveland, Tight Gas Sand, in the Texas Panhandle. Presented at the SPE Mid-Continent Gas Symposium, Amarillo, Texas, USA. 28–30 April. SPE-35262-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/35262-MS.
Mansourizadeh, M., Jamshidian, M., Bazargan, P.. 2016. Wellbore Stability Analysis and Breakout Pressure Prediction in Vertical and Deviated Boreholes Using Failure Criteria – A Case Study. J Pet Sci Eng. 145: 482–492. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2016.06.024.
Marlow, R. S. 1989. Cement Bonding Characteristics in Gas Wells. J Pet Technol 41 (11): 1146–1153. SPE-17121-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/17121-PA.
McConnell, D. A. 1989. Determination of Offset Across the Northern Margin of the Wichita Uplift, Southwest Oklahoma. GSA Bulletin 101: 1317–1332. https://doi.org/10.1130/0016-7606(1989)101<1317:DOOATN>2.3.CO;2.
McLean, R. H., Manry, C. W., and Whitaker, W. W. 1967. Displacement Mechanics in Primary Cementing. J Pet Technol 19 (2): 251–260. SPE-1488-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/1488-PA.
Monus, F. L., Broussard, F. W., Ayoub, J.A., . 1992. Fracturing Unconsolidated Sand Formations Offshore Gulf of Mexico. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Washington, D.C., USA, 4–7 October. SPE-24844-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/24844-MS.
Morita, N. and McLeod, H. 1995. Oriented Perforation to Prevent Casing Collapse for Highly Inclined Wells. Drill & Compl 10 (3): 139–145. SPE-28556-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/28556-PA.
National Weather Service. 2018. https://www.weather.gov/oun/events-2013summary (accessed 01 May 2018).
Nostra Terra Oil & Gas Company PLC. 2018. http://www.ntog.co.uk/assets_and_operations/usa/ (accessed 15 April 2018).
Oklahoma Corporation Commission. 2018. https://apps.occeweb.com/RBDMSWeb_OK/OCCOGOnlineText.aspx (accessed 01 March 2018).
Olarte Caro, D. P., Marquez, L. J., Landinez, G. A.. 2009. Casing Collapse Study on Block VI Wells: Casabe Field. Presented at the Latin American and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference, Cartagena de Indias, Colombia. 31 May–3 June. SPE-122956-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/122956-MS.
Peng, S., Fu, J., and Zhang, J. 2007. Borehole Casing Failure Analysis in Unconsolidated Formations: A Case Study. J Pet Sci Eng. 59 (3–4): 226–238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2007.04.010.
Texas Rail Road Commission. 2018. http://webapps.rrc.state.tx.us/CMPL/publicHomeAction.do (accessed 01 March 2018).
Roodhart, L.P., Fokker, P.A., Davies, D.R.. 1993. Frac and Pack Stimulation: Application, Design, and Field Experience From the Gulf of Mexico to Borneo. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Houston, Texas, USA. 3–6 October. SPE-26564-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/26564-MS.
Taylor, R., Tuttle, J., Nielsen, R.. 2016. Long Term Cement Damage from Pressure Cycling in Hydrocarbon Wells: Novel Method to Detect Permeability Changes Along the Length of the Wellbore. Presented at the 50th U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, Houston, Texas, USA. 26–29 June. ARMA-2016-736.
Tian, Z., Shi, L. and Qiao, L. 2015. Problems in the Wellbore Integrity of A Shale Gas Horizontal Well and Corresponding Countermeasures. Natural Gas Industry B 2 (6): 522–529. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ngib.2015.12.006.
Wagg, B., Xie, J., Solanki, S.. 1999. Evaluating Casing Deformation Mechanisms in Primary Heavy Oil Production. Presented at the International Thermal Operations/Heavy Oil Symposium, Bakersfield, California, USA. 17–19 March. SPE-54116-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/54116-MS.
WEATHERUNDERGROUND. 2018. https://www.wunderground.com/history/monthly/us/tx/perryton/KPYX/date/2013-4?cm_ven=localwx_history (accessed 01 May 2018).
White, W. S., Calvert, D. G., Barker, J. M.. 1992. A Laboratory Study of Cement and Resin Plugs Placed With Thru-Tubing Dump Bailers. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Washington, D.C., USA, 4–7 October. SPE-24574-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/24574-MS.
Wright, C. A., Conant, R. A., Golich, G. M.. 1995. Hydraulic Fracture Orientation and Production/Injection Induced Reservoir Stress Changes in Diatomite Waterfloods. Presented at the SPE Western Regional Meeting, Bakersfield, California, USA. 8–10 March. SPE-29625-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/29625-MS.
Yan, W., Zou, L., Li, H.. 2016. Investigation of Casing Deformation During Hydraulic Fracturing In High Geo-Stress Shale Gas Play. J Pet Sci Eng. 150: 22–29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2016.11.007.
Yuan, Z., Schubert, J., Teodoriu, C.. 2012. HPHT Gas Well Cementing Complications and its Effect on Casing Collapse Resistance. Presented at the SPE Oil and Gas India Conference and Exhibition, Mumbai, India. 28–30 March. SPE-153986-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/153986-MS.
Zhang, P., Zhang, S., Hu, N.. 2017. Effect of Pressure Depletion on Stress Field and Casing Load Alteration in Mature Fields: A Case Study. Presented at the SPE Latin America and Caribbean Mature Fields Symposium, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. 15–16 March. SPE-184902-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/184902-MS.