Viscous Slickwater as Enabler for Improved Hydraulic Fracturing Design in Unconventional Reservoirs
- Haiyan Zhao (Schlumberger) | Samuel Danican (Schlumberger) | Hortencia Torres (Schlumberger) | Yenny Christanti (Schlumberger) | Max Nikolaev (Schlumberger) | Sergey Makarychev-Mikhailov (Schlumberger) | Andrew Bonnell (Schlumberger)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 24-26 September, Dallas, Texas, USA
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2018. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 2 Well completion, 2.4.1 Fracture design and containment, 2.4 Hydraulic Fracturing, 2.5.2 Fracturing Materials (Fluids, Proppant), 4.3.1 Hydrates, 3 Production and Well Operations
- proppant transport, High viscosity friction reducer, unconventional reservoir, Viscous slickwater fracturing, low shear viscosity
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The development of unconventional fields has experienced major efficiency gains. One main breakthrough in efficiency is the introduction of viscous slickwater fracturing fluids. Viscous slickwater enables placement of higher proppant concentration than conventional slickwater and is less damaging than guar-based fluid, leading to aggressive fracturing designs and improved production.
High viscosity friction reducer is the main component in viscous slickwater, which can replace hybrid and crosslinked fracturing fluids in unconventional reservoir completions. The successful application of high viscosity friction reducing fluid requires proper fluid hydration and adequate viscosity, which depends on water salinity and proppant concentration. We developed techniques for improved testing of friction reducers and friction reducer selection guidelines to support optimum placement of the fracturing design. A comparison of production results of wells fractured by viscous slickwater to those offset wells demonstrated the effectiveness of aggressive design with viscous slickwater fluids.
A high viscosity friction reducer was tested in the laboratory and applied in the field. Experimental data demonstrate a good correlation between low shear viscosity and proppant transport capability. Static and dynamic proppant transport data were used to design viscous slickwater to replace linear gel. The friction reducer has been successfully applied in the field in more than 3,000 stages. Formations that were traditionally fractured with crosslinked gel were successfully fractured using viscous slickwater with ease. Replacing conventional slickwater with viscous slickwater enables the transport of higher proppant concentration with little change in operations. Aggressive designs deliver a boost in production, thus confirming viscous slickwater as the fluid of choice.
Improved chemistry enables easier operations, faster well completion, and improved initial production, as confirmed by case studies. This study provides information for the application of viscous slickwater and the rigorous testing that is required and often overlooked.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||13|
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