Analytical Model for Predicting Fracture Initiation Pressure from a Cased and Perforated Wellbore
- X. Weng (Schlumberger) | L. Xu (Schlumberger) | O. Magbagbeola (Schlumberger) | K. MacPhail (Schlumberger) | N. Uschner (Schlumberger) | B. J. Carney (Northeast Natural Energy LLC)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE International Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, 16-18 October, Muscat, Oman
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2018. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 2.2.2 Perforating, 2.2 Installation and Completion Operations, 5.8.2 Shale Gas, 2.1 Completion Selection and Design, 2.1.3 Completion Equipment, 3.3 Well & Reservoir Surveillance and Monitoring, 5.8 Unconventional and Complex Reservoirs, 1.6.6 Directional Drilling, 3 Production and Well Operations, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 2.1.1 Completion Selection, 5 Reservoir Desciption & Dynamics, 2 Well completion, 3.3.1 Production Logging
- Fracture initiation, breakdown pressure, perforation breakdown
- 7 in the last 30 days
- 223 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 9.50|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 28.00|
Although clustered perforations have become a primary choice of completion for horizontal wells in the development of low-permeability reservoirs, downhole measurements and production logging often indicate nonuniform production from the perforation clusters, with some of them not stimulated or not contributing to the production. One of the mechanisms contributing to this is nonuniform/inefficient breakdown of the perforations. However, being able to assess the effectiveness of perforation breakdown because of lateral variation of the formation properties and stresses is challenging, not only because of the lack of the data, but also because of the lack of a practical engineering model to predict the fracture initiation and breakdown pressures for cased and perforated completions due to the complexity of well configuration and perforation geometry. In this paper, an analytical fracture initiation model is presented along with the comparison against 3D numerical simulations and published experimental data. The breakdown pressure data from a Marcellus shale horizontal test well in the US Department of Energy (DOE)–sponsored Marcellus Shale Energy and Environmental Laboratory consortium are analyzed and compared to the model prediction using the high-resolution 1D mechanical earth model derived from high-tier logs.
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||21|
Abass, H.H., Hedayati, S., and Meadows, D.L. 1996. Nonplanar Fracture Propagation from a Horizontal Wellbore: Experimental Study. SPE Prod & Fac 11 (3): 133–137. SPE-24823-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/24823-PA.
Alekseenko, O.P., Potapenko, D.I., Cherny, S.G., Esipov, D.V., Kuranakov, D.S. and Lapin, V.N. 2012. 3-D Modeling of Fracture Initiation from Perforated Non-Cemented Wellbore. Presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference, The Woodlands, Texas, USA, 6–8 February. SPE-151585-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/15185-MS.
Anifowoshe, O., Yates, M., Xu, L., Dickerson, P., Akin, J., Carney, B.J., Hewitt, J., Costello, I., and Arnold, Z. 2016. Improving Wellbore Stimulation Coverage in the Marcellus: Integrating Lateral Measurements with Enhanced Engineered Completion Design and Fiber Optic Evaluation. Presented at SPE Eastern Regional Meeting, Canton, Ohio, 13-15 September. SPE-184051-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/184051-MS.
Behrmann, L.A. and Elbel, J.L. 1991. Effect of Perforations on Fracture Initiation. J Pet Technol 43 (5): 608–615. SPE-20661-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/20661-PA.
Behrmann, L.A. and Nolte, K.G., 1998. Perforating Requirements for Fracture Stimulations. Presented at the SPE International Symposium on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA, 18–19 February. SPE-39453-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/39453-MS.
Carr, T. R., Wilson, T., Kavousi, P., Amini, S., Sharma, S., Hewitt, J., Costello, I., Carney, B.J., Jordon, E., Yates, M., MacPhail, K., Uschner, N., Thomas, M., Akin, J., Magbagbeola, O., Morales, A., Johansen, A., Hogarth, L., Anifowoshe, O., Naseem, K., Hammack, R., Kumar, A., Zorn, E., Vagnetti, R., and Crandall, D. 2017. Insights from the Marcellus Shale Energy and Environment Laboratory (MSEEL). URTEC-2017-2670437.
Cipolla, C., Weng, X., Onda, H., Nadaraja, T., Ganpuly, U. and Malpani, R. 2011. New Algorithms and Integrated Workflow for Tight Gas and Shale Completions. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Denver, Colorado, USA, 30 October–2 November. SPE-146872-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/146872-MS.
El Rabaa, W. 1989. Experimental Study of Hydraulic Fracture Geometry Initiated from Horizontal Wells. Presented at the Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, USA, 8–11. SPE-19720-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/19720-MS.
Hossain, M.M., Rahman, M.K., and Rahman, S.S. 2000. Hydraulic Fracture Initiation and Propagation: Roles of Wellbore Trajectory, Perforation and Stress Regime. J. Pet. Sci. & Eng. 27: 129-149. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0920-4105(00)00056-5.
Miller, C., Waters, G., and Rylander, E. 2011. Evaluation of Production Log Data from Horizontal Wells Drill in Organic Shales. Presented at the SPE North American Unconventional Gas Conference & Exhibition, The Woodlands, Texas, USA, 12–16 June. SPE-144326-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/144326-MS.
Molenaar, M.M. and Cox, B.E. 2013. Field Cases of Hydraulic Fracture Stimulation Diagnostics Using Fiber Optic Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) Measurements and Analyses. Presented at SPE Middle East Unconventional Gas Conference and Exhibition, Muscat, Oman, 28-30 January. SPE-164030-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/164030-MS.
Somanchi, K., O’Brien, C., Huckabee, P., and Ugueto, G. 2016. Insights and Observations into Limited Entry Perforation Dynamics from Fiber-Optic Diagnostics. Presented at Unconventional Resources Technology Conference, San Antonio, Texas, USA, 1–3 August. https://doi.org/10.15530-URTEC-2016-2458389.
Ugueto, G.A., Huckabee, P.T., Molenaar, M.M., Wyker, B., and Somanchi, K. 2016. Perforation Cluster Efficiency of Cemented Plug and Perf Limited Entry Completions; Insights from Fiber Optic Diagnostics. Presented at SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference, The Woodlands, Texas, USA, 9–11 February. SPE-179124-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/179124-MS.
van de Ketterij, R.G. and de Pater, C.J. 1997. Experimental Study on the Impact of Perforations on Hydraulic Fracture Tortuosity. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference, The Hague, The Netherlands, 1–2 June. SPE-38149-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/38149-MS.
Walker, K., Wutherich, K., Terry, J., Shreves, J. and Caplan, J. 2012. Improving Production in the Marcellus Shale Using an Engineered Completion Design: A Case Study. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, USA, 8–10 October. SPE-159666-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/159666-MS.
Waters, G. and Weng, X. 2016. The Impact of Geomechanics and Perforations on Hydraulic Fracture Initiation and Complexity in Horizontal Well Completions. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Dubai, UAE, 26-28 September. SPE-181684-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/181684-MS.
Weijers, L. and de Pater, C.J. 1992. Fracture Reorientation in Model Tests. Paper SPE 23790, presented at SPE International Symposium on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, 26–27 February. SPE-23790-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/23790-MS.
Weijers, L. and de Pater, C.J. 1994. Interaction and Link-up of Hydraulic Starter Fractures Close to a Perforated Wellbore. Presented at SPE/ISRM Rock Mechanics in Petroleum Engineering Conference, Delft, The Netherlands, 29–31 August. SPE-28077-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/28077-MS.
Weijers, L., de Pater, C.J., Owens, K.A., and Kogsboll, H.H. 1994. Geometry of Hydraulic Fractures Induced from Horizontal Wellbores. SPE Prod & Fac 9 (2): 87–92. SPE-25049-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/25049-PA.
Wilson, T., Carr, T., Carney, B. J., Hewitt, J., Costello, I., Jordon, E., MacPhail, K., Uschner, N., Thomas, M., Akin, J., Magbagbeola, O., Morales, A., Johansen, A., Hogarth, L., and Naseem, K. 2016. Microseismic and model stimulation of natural fracture networks in the Marcellus Shale, West Virginia. SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts 2016b: 3088-3092.
Wutherich, K., Walker, K., Aso, I., Ajayi, B. and Cannon, T. 2012. Evaluating an Engineered Completion Design in the Marcellus Shale Using Microseismic Monitoring. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, USA, 8–10 October. SPE-159681-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/159681-MS.
Yew, C.H. and Li., Y. 1988. Fracturing of a Deviated Well, SPE Prod Eng 3 (4): 429–437. SPE-16930-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/16930-PA.
Yew, C.H., Schmidt, J.H., and Li, Y. 1989. On Fracture Design of Deviated Wells. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, USA, 8–11 October. SPE-19722-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/19722-MS.