Creation of Insitu EOR Foams by the Injection of Surfactant in Gas Dispersions - Lab Confirmation and Field Application
- Alonso Ocampo (Equion Energia Limited) | Alejandro Restrepo (Equion Energia Limited) | Sergio H. Lopera (Universidad Nacional De Colombia) | Juan M. Mejia (Universidad Nacional De Colombia)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Improved Oil Recovery Conference, 14-18 April, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2018. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 2 Well completion, 1.6.9 Coring, Fishing, 5.4 Improved and Enhanced Recovery, 5.4.2 Gas Injection Methods, 5.4 Improved and Enhanced Recovery, 2.5.2 Fracturing Materials (Fluids, Proppant), 1.6 Drilling Operations, 5 Reservoir Desciption & Dynamics, 2.4 Hydraulic Fracturing
- Insitu EOR Foam, Gas Injectivity, Gas Dispersion, Chemical Foamer, GOR Control
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This work presents the conceptual development and experimental evaluation for a new technique to create blocking foams in matrix rock systems by the injection of the foaming agent dispersed in the hydrocarbon gas stream. This new technique aims at simplifying the operation and reducing costs for the deployment of EOR foams in gas injection based projects, and overcoming the disadvantage of limited reservoir volume of influence obtained in the SAG technique.
A systematic experimental work is implemented to investigate the effect of the dispersed chemical (surfactant) concentration and the gas velocity on the ability to create blocking foams at high pressure and temperature, and using representative consolidated porous medium and fluids coming from the Piedemonte fields in Colombia. The concept behind this new technique is the transfer of chemical foamer from the gas dispersion into the connate or residual waters present in the hydrocarbon reservoirs under exploitation, due mainly to the chemical potential derived from the contrast in chemical concentration between the dispersed phase and the in-situ water.
Results herein confirm that it is possible to create blocking foam by this technique in a consolidated sandstone core at residual oil and water conditions, after being submitted to a gas flooding displacement. This condition is obtained as far as the gas velocity is above a minimum threshold, and the concentration of the active chemical is above certain limit (138 ppm for this case). Successful experiments with foams created by gas dispersed surfactant showed much longer stability periods when compared with results from foams created by the SAG technique at much higher chemical concentration (2,000 ppm). Application of this foams technique was done in a field pilot. About 600 Bbls of foaming solution were dispersed in the hydrocarbon gas stream in one gas injector of a Piedemonte field (Colombia, South America). Gas injectivity in the well was impaired after two weeks of injection, and the oil production well influenced by this injector changed its performance showing incremental oil production and flattening of the gas oil ratio (GOR) shortly after the dispersed chemical injection period. This innovative foams technique could also be extended to other non-condensable gases at field operating conditions like CO2, Nitrogen, Air, and Flue Gas.
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Ocampo, A., Restrepo, A., Cifuentes, H., Hester, J., Orozco, N., Gil, C., Castro, C., Lopera, S., and Gonzalez, C. "Successful Foam EOR Pilot in a Mature Volatile Oil Reservoir under Miscible Gas Injection". Paper IPTC 16984; presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference (IPTC), Beijing, China; 26–28 March 2013.
F. Skoreyko, A. Villavicencio, H. Rodriguez, and Q. P. Nguyen "Development of a New Foam EOR Model from Laboratory and Field data of the Naturally-Fractured Cantarrel Field". Paper SPE 145718 presented at the SPE Reservoir Characterization and Simulation Conference and Exhibition held in Abu Dhabi, UAE, 9-11 October, 2011.
Ocampo, A., Restrepo, A., Rendon, N., Coronado, J., Correa, J., Ramirez, D., Torres, M., Sanabria, R., and Lopera, S.: "Foams Prove Effectiveness for Gas Injection Conformance and Sweep Efficiency Improvement in a Low Porosity Fractured Reservoir – Field Pilots" Paper IPTC 17950; presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference (IPTC), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; 10-12 December 2014.