Case History of Completion Optimization in the Utica
- Craig Cipolla (Hess Corporation) | Constance Gilbert (Hess Corporation) | Aviral Sharma (Hess Corporation) | John LeBas (Hess Corporation)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, 23-25 January, The Woodlands, Texas, USA
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2018. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.6.5 Tracers, 7.1.6 Field Development Optimization and Planning, 2 Well completion, 4.1 Processing Systems and Design, 2.3 Completion Monitoring Systems/Intelligent Wells, 4.6 Natural Gas, 3 Production and Well Operations, 3 Production and Well Operations, 5 Reservoir Desciption & Dynamics, 2.2 Installation and Completion Operations, 5.5 Reservoir Simulation, 7.1 Asset and Portfolio Management, 4 Facilities Design, Construction and Operation, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 5.6 Formation Evaluation & Management, 5.5.8 History Matching, 4.6 Natural Gas, 2.3.6 Tubular Optimisation, 7 Management and Information, 2.5.2 Fracturing Materials (Fluids, Proppant)
- Microseismic, Plug and Perf, Hydraulic Fracturing, Utica, Completion Optimization
- 24 in the last 30 days
- 775 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 9.50|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 28.00|
This paper details the results from a comprehensive study to evaluate completion effectiveness and optimize field development in the Utica. Optimizing the number and location of perforation clusters, number of stages, and treatment size requires a clear understanding of how these parameters affect fracture geometry and well productivity. The goal of this work was to determine how the number of perforation clusters per stage and treatment size affect fracture geometry and well productivity, and to integrate these results into the overall field development optimization.
A comprehensive evaluation of plug and perf (PNP) and controlled entry point (CEP) completions and treatment size was performed using a five-well pad in the Utica (wet gas area). The evaluation included PNP completions with 3-4 perforation clusters and CEP completions with 1-2 perforation clusters. Treatment size was varied by a factor of two to evaluate the effect of fluid volume on fracture length. Microseismic data were gathered on 81 PNP stages and 95 CEP stages. The microseismic data were used to calibrate hydraulic fracture models. Fracture geometries for the five-well pad plus a direct offset well (a six well total of 250+ stages) were discretely gridded in a reservoir simulation model. The reservoir simulation model was calibrated by history matching 14+ months of production data. Proppant Tracer data and DFIT measurements from previous Utica work were used to support the hydraulic fracture modeling and reservoir simulations.
The microseismic data provided a clear understanding of the relationship between treatment size and fracture length for each completion scenario. The results indicate that fracture length may be dependent on completion type, with CEP completions showing less fracture length than PNP completions. Simple production comparisons and detailed reservoir simulation history matching showed that (1) well productivity is governed by the number of perforation clusters, with PNP wells outperforming CEP wells and (2) well-to-well communication is evident. This work did NOT identify any gross inefficiencies with PNP completions and suggests that CEP completions do NOT result in better productivity, at least in this Utica pad.
The calibrated models were used to optimize perf cluster spacing, treatment size, and well spacing for PNP completions. The optimization results are summarized in the paper, but the focus of the paper is the evaluation of PNP and CEP completions, characterization of hydraulic fracture length-volume relationships, and calibration of hydraulic fracture and reservoir simulation models.
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||34|
McClure, Mark W., Hojung Jung, Dave D. Cramer 2016. The fracture compliance method for picking closure pressure from diagnostic fracture injection tests. SPE Journal 21 (4): 1321-1339, doi: 10.2118/179725-PA.
Melick, J. J., Bulling, T. P., Koch, J. 2016. The Updip Ordovician Pt. Pleasant Shale, Eastern Ohio, Appalachian Basin, USA. Unconventional Resources Technology Conference. doi:10.15530/URTEC-2016-2458292
Miskimins, J. L., and Barree, R. D. 2003. Modeling of Hydraulic Fracture Height Containment in Laminated Sand and Shale Sequences. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/80935-MS
Motiee, M., Johnson, M., Ward, B. 2016. High Concentration Polyacrylamide-Base Friction Reducer Used as a Direct Substitute for Guar-Base Borate Crosslinked Fluid in Fracturing Operations. SPE 179154 presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference, The Woodlands, Texas, USA, 9-11 February.
Somanchi, K., Brewer, J., and Reynolds, A. 2017. Extreme Limited Entry Design Improves Distribution Efficiency in Plug- n-Perf Completions: Insights from Fiber-Optic Diagnostics. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/184834-MS
Stolyarov, S., Hurt, R. S., Thacker, C. W. 2016. The Search for Optimized Stimulation in Horizontal Wells: Coiled Tubing Fracturing, Lessons Learned from Bottomhole Gauges and Diagnostic Data. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/179131-MS
Ugueto C. G. A., Huckabee, P. T., Molenaar, M. M. 2016. Perforation Cluster Efficiency of Cemented Plug and Perf Limited Entry Completions; Insights from Fiber Optics Diagnostics. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/179124-MS
Wallace, J., Kabir, C. S., and Cipolla, C. 2014. Multiphysics Investigation of Diagnostic Fracture Injection Tests in Unconventional Reservoirs. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/168620-MS
Angeles, R., Tolman, R. C., El-Rabaa, W. 2012. Just-In-Time Perforating for Controlled, Cost-Effective Stimulation and Production Uplift of Unconventional Reservoirs. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/153112-MS
Angeles, R., Cole, S. W., Benish, T. G. 2012. One Year of Just-In-Time Perforating as Multi-Stage Fracturing Technique for Horizontal Wells. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/160034-MS
Cipolla, C. L., and Mayerhofer, M. 1998. Understanding Fracture Performance by Integrating Well Testing & Fracture Modeling. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/49044-MS
Cipolla, C. L., Lolon, E., and Mayerhofer, M. J. 2009. Resolving Created, Propped, and Effective Hydraulic-Fracture Length. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/129618-PA
Craig, D. P., Barree, R. D., Warpinski, N. R. 2017. Fracture Closure Stress: Reexamining Field and Laboratory Experiments of Fracture Closure Using Modern Interpretation Methodologies. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/187038-MS
Glover, K., Bozarth, T., Cui, A. 2015. Lithological Controls on Mechanical Anisotropy in Shales to Predict In Situ Stress Magnitudes and Potential for Shearing of Laminations During Fracturing. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/175947-MS
Huckabee, P., Ellis, D., Keable, B. 2017. Evaluation and Management of Stimulation Placement Control in Cemented Sleeve Completions. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/187080-MS
Ibrahim, M., Pieprzica, C., Vosburgh, E. 2017. Pressure Transient Analysis for a Unique Shale Gas Condensate Well, Actual Field Case. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/187094-MS
Lewis, B. J. 2015. An Evaluation of Coiled Tubing Fracturing Compared to Traditional Completion Techniques in Horizontal Wells. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/176994-MS
Malhotra, S., Merrifield, G. T., Collins, J. R. 2017. Horizontal-Well Fracturing by Use of Coiled Tubing in the Belridge Diatomite: A Case History. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/173365-PA