A Critical Review of Sand Control Evaluation Testing for SAGD Applications
- J. D. Montero (University of Alberta) | S. Chissonde (University of Alberta) | O. Kotb (University of Alberta) | C. Wang (University of Alberta) | M. Roostaei (University of Alberta) | A. Nouri (University of Alberta) | M. Mahmoudi (RGL Reservoir Management Inc.) | V. Fattahpour (RGL Reservoir Management Inc.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, 13-14 March, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2018. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 3 Production and Well Operations, 2 Well completion, 3.2 Well Operations and Optimization, 3 Production and Well Operations, 5.1.1 Exploration, Development, Structural Geology, 1.8.3 Fines Migration, 1.8 Formation Damage, 3.2.3 Produced Sand / Solids Management and Control, 5.3.9 Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage, 2.2 Installation and Completion Operations, 2.4 Sand Control, 5.1 Reservoir Characterisation, 5 Reservoir Desciption & Dynamics, 3 Production and Well Operations
- SAGD, Sand Retention Test, Critical Review, Sand Control
- 5 in the last 30 days
- 214 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 8.50|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 25.00|
This paper presents a critical review of current evaluation techniques for the selection and design of sand control devices (SCD) for Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) wells. With the industry moving towards exploiting more difficult reservoirs, there is a need to review the current testing methods and assess their adequacy for sand control evaluation for different operational and geological conditions.
In addition to a critical review of existing sand control testing approaches for SAGD, the paper also discusses the testing parameters in previous studies to evaluate their representativeness of the field conditions in terms of interstitial seepage and viscous forces, and flow geometry. Moreover, the paper reviews the analysis and results of sand control testing in the literature and assesses the sand control design criteria in terms of the level of acceptable sand production and plugging. Furthermore, the review evaluates the suitability of the sample size, sand preparation techniques, representation of the SCD in the testing, and experimental procedures.
The review shows variations in the existing sand control testing in SAGD, in terms of not only approach, sand control representation, and sample size, but also regarding operational test conditions, such as flow rates and pressures. Ideally, large-scale pre-packed tests that include the effects of temperature and radial flow geometry would more closely emulate the actual conditions of SAGD wells than most existing tests allow. High temperatures may affect sanding and plugging through changes in wettability, permeabilities, and mineral alterations. Further, the varying velocity profile in radial flow towards the SCD influences the fines migration pattern differently from the linear-flow conditions in the existing Sand Retention Tests (SRT). However, large-scale radial-flow tests are constrained by cost and complexity.
Most SRT experiments have employed high flow rates, exceeding the equivalent field rates. Utilizing realistic rates for the tests and appropriately capturing the actual fluids ratios, water cuts and steam breakthrough scenarios can improve the quality of testing data. Accordingly, existing SRT experiments can be designed to incorporate, if not all, but some of the relevant physics in SAGD by employing representative viscosities, flow rates, fluid properties and ratios, stress conditions and obtain suitable live and post-mortem measurements.
This critical review compiles various aspects of current sand retention tests and evaluates their applicability to SAGD well conditions. It serves as a starting point for future research by providing an overview of existing testing methods, highlighting the strengths and opportunities for improvements.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||21|
Adams, P. R., Davis, E. R., Hodge, R. M.. 2009. Current State of the Premium Screen Industry; Buyer Beware. Methodical Testing and Qualification Shows You Don't Always Get What You Paid For. SPE Drilling & Completion, 24(03): 362-372. SPE-110082-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/110082-PA.
Agunloye, E., & Utunedi, E. 2014. Optimizing Sand Control Design Using Sand Screen Retention Testing. Presented at the SPE Nigeria Annual International Conference and Exhibition, 5-7 August, Lagos, Nigeria. SPE-172488-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/172488-MS.
Alberta Energy Regulator. 2017. Data & Publications/In-Situ Performance Presentations. https://www.aer.ca/data-and-publications/activity-and-data/in-situ-performance-presentations (Accessed August 2017)
Anderson, M. 2017. SAGD Sand Control: Large Scale Testing Results. Presented at the SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, 15-16 February, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. SPE-185967-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/185967-MS.
Ballard, T., Kageson-Loe, N., & Mathisen, A. M. 1999. The Development and Application of a Method for the Evaluation of Sand Screens. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference, 31 May-1 June, The Hague, Netherlands. SPE-54745-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/54745-MS.
Ballard, T., & Beare, S. 2003. Media Sizing for Premium Sand Screens: Dutch Twill Weaves. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference, 13-14 May, The Hague, Netherlands. SPE-82244-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/82244-MS.
Ballard, T., & Beare, S. P. 2006. Sand Retention Testing: The More You Do, the Worse It Gets. Presented at the SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, 15-17 February, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA. SPE-98308-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/98308-MS.
Ballard, T. J., & Beare, S. P. 2012. An Investigation of Sand Retention Testing With a View To Developing Better Guidelines for Screen Selection. Presented at the SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, 15-17 February, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA. SPE-151768-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/151768-MS.
Bennion, D. B., Ma, T., Thomas, F. B., & Romanova, U. G. 2007. Laboratory Procedures for Optimizing the Recovery from High Temperature Thermal Heavy Oil and Bitumen Recovery Operations. Presented at the Canadian International Petroleum Conference, 12-14 June, Calgary, Alberta. PETSOC-2007-206. https://doi.org/10.2118/2007-206.
Bennion, D. B., Gupta, S., Gittins, S.. 2009. Protocols for slotted liner design for optimum SAGD operation. Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology, 48(11): 21-26. SPE-130441-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/130441-PA.
Butler, R. M. 1985. A New Approach To The Modelling Of Steam-Assisted Gravity Drainage. Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology, 24(03): 42-51. PETSOC-85-03-01. https://doi.org/10.2118/85-03-01.
Carlson, M. 2003. SAGD and Geomechanics. Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology, 42(06): 19-25. PETSOC-03-06-DAS. https://doi.org/10.2118/03-06-DAS.
Chanpura, R. A., Hodge, R. M., Andrews, J. S.. 2011. A review of screen selection for standalone applications and a new methodology. SPE Drilling & Completion, 26(01): 84-95. SPE-127931-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/127931-PA.
Chanpura, R. A., Mondal, S., Sharma, M. M.. 2012a. Unraveling the Myths in Selection of Standalone Screens and a New Methodology for Sand Control Applications. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 8-10 October, San Antonio, Texas, USA SPE-158922-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/158922-MS.
Chanpura, R. A., Fidan, S., Mondal, S.. 2012b. New Analytical and Statistical Approach for Estimating and Analyzing Sand Production Through Wire-Wrap Screens During a Sand-Retention Test. SPE Drilling & Completion, 27(03): 417-426. SPE-143731-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/143731-PA.
Constien, V. G., & Skidmore, V. 2006. Standalone Screen Selection Using Performance Mastercurves. Presented at the SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, 15-17 February, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA. SPE-98363-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/98363-MS.
Devere-Bennett, N. 2015. Using Prepack Sand-Retention Tests (SRT’s) to Narrow Down Liner/Screen Sizing in SAGD Wells. Presented at the SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, 23-25 November, Banff, Alberta, Canada. SPE-178443-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/178443-MS.
Fattahpour, V., Azadbakht, S., Mahmoudi, M.. 2016b. Effect of Near Wellbore Effective Stress on the Performance of Slotted Liner Completions in SAGD Operations. Presented at the SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, 28 November-1 December, Banff, Alberta, Canada. SPE-182507-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/182507-MS.
Gates, I. D., Kenny, J., Hernandez-Hdez, I. L.. 2007. Steam Injection Strategy and Energetics of Steam-Assisted Gravity Drainage. SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering, 10 (1): 19-34. SPE-97742-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/97742-PA.
Ghesmat, K., & Zhao, L. 2015. SAGD Well-Pair Completion Optimization Using Scab Liner and Steam Splitters. Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology, 54(06): 387-393. SPE-170076-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/170076-PA.
Gillespie, G., Deem, C. K., & Malbrel, C. 2000. Screen Selection for Sand Control Based on Laboratory Tests. Presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, 16-18 October, Brisbane, Australia. SPE-64398-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/64398-MS.
Han, G. and Dusseault, M. 2002. Quantitative Analysis of Mechanisms for Water-Related Sand Production. Presented at SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control held in Lafayette, Louisiana, 20-21 Febrary. SPE 73737-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/73737-MS.
Handfield, T. C., Nations, T., & Noonan, S. G. 2009. SAGD Gas Lift Completions and Optimization: A Field Case Study at Surmount. Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology, 48(11): 51-54. SPE-117489-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/117489-PA.
Hodge, R. M., Burton, R. C., Constien, V.. 2002. An Evaluation Method for Screen-Only and Gravel-Pack Completions. Presented at the International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, 20-21 February, Lafayette, Louisiana. SPE-73772-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/73772-MS.
Hoffmann, G. G., Steinfatt, I., & Strohschein, A. 1995. Thermal Recovery Processes and Hydrogen Sulfide Formation. Presented at the SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, 14-17 February, San Antonio, Texas. SPE-29016-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/29016-MS.
Istchenko, C. M., Gates, I. D. 2014. Well/Wormhole Model of Cold Heavy-Oil Production With Sand. SPE Journal, 19(02): 260-269. SPE-150633-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/150633-PA.
Jin, Y., Chen, J., Chen, M.. 2012. Experimental study on the performance of sand control screens for gas wells. Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology, 2(1): 37-47. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13202-012-0019-9.
Kaiser, T. M. V., Wilson, S., Venning, L. A. 2002. Inflow Analysis and Optimization of Slotted Liners. SPE Drilling & Completion, 17(4): 200-209. SPE-80145-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/80145-PA.
Ladd, R. S. 1978. Preparing Test Specimens Using Undercompaction. Geotechnical Testing Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1978, pp. 16-23, https://doi.org/10.1520/GTJ10364J.
Larsen, O. S., Fjellstad, V., Mathisen, A. M.. 2012. New Sand Retention Test Setup Exhibits No Plugging Tendencies With Various Screen Types Using Non-uniform Test Sand. Presented at SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, 15-17 February, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA. SPE-151346-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/151346-MS.
Mahmoudi, M., Fattahpour, V., Nouri, A.. 2016a. New Criteria for Slotted Liner Design for Heavy Oil Thermal Production. Presented at the SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, 28 November-1 December, Banff, Alberta, Canada. SPE-182511-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/182511-MS.
Mahmoudi, M., Fattahpour, V., Nouri, A.. 2016b. An Experimental Investigation of the Effect of pH and Salinity on Sand Control Performance for Heavy Oil Thermal Production. Presented at the SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, 7-9 June, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. SPE-180756-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/180756-MS.
Mahmoudi, M., Fattahpour, V., Nouri, A.. 2016c. Investigation Into the Use of Commercial Sands and Fines to Replicate Oil Sands for Large-Scale Sand Control Testing. Presented at the SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, 28 November-1 December, Banff, Alberta, Canada. SPE-182517-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/182517-MS.
Mahmoudi, M., Fattahpour, V., Nouri, A.. 2017. An Experimental Evaluation of Pore Plugging and Permeability Reduction Near SAGD Sand Control Liners. Presented at the SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, 15-16 February, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. SPE-184999-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/184999-MS.
Markestad, P., Christie, O., Espedal, A.. 1996. Selection of Screen Slot Width to Prevent Plugging and Sand Production. Society of Petroleum Engineers. Presented at the SPE Formation Damage Control Symposium, 14-15 February, Lafayette, Louisiana. SPE-31087-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/31087-MS.
Mathisen, A. M., Aastveit, G. L., Alteraas, E. 2007. Successful Installation of Stand Alone Sand Screen in more than 200 Wells - the Importance of Screen Selection Process and Fluid Qualification. Presented at the European Formation Damage Conference, 30 May-1 June, Scheveningen, The Netherlands. SPE-107539-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/107539-MS.
Medina, M. 2010. SAGD: R&D for Unlocking Unconventional Heavy-Oil Resources. Society of Petroleum Engineers. The Way Ahead, 6(02): 6-9. SPE-0210-006-TWA. https://doi.org/10.2118/0210-006-TWA.
Mohajer, M. M., Perez Damas, C. E., Berbin Silva, A. J.. 2010. An Integrated Framework for SAGD Real-Time Optimization. Presented at the SPE Intelligent Energy Conference and Exhibition, 23-25 March, Utrecht, The Netherlands. SPE-128426-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/128426-MS.
Mohan, K. K., Vaidya, R. N., Reed, M. G.. 1993. Water sensitivity of sandstones containing swelling and non-swelling clays. Colloids and surfaces A: Physicochemical and engineering aspects, 73, 237-254. https://doi.org/10.1016/0927-7757(93)80019-B.
Mondal, S., Sharma, M. M., Chanpura, R. A.. 2010. Numerical Simulations of Screen Performance in Standalone Screen Applications for Sand Control. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 19-22 September, Florence, Italy. SPE-134326-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/134326-MS.
Mondal, S., Sharma, M. M., Hodge, R. M.. 2011. A New Method for the Design and Selection of Premium / Woven Sand Screens. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 30 October-2 November, Denver, Colorado, USA. SPE-146656-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/146656-MS.
O’Hara, M. 2015. Thermal Operations In The McMurray; An Approach To Sand Control. Presented at the SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, 23-25 November, Banff, Alberta, Canada. SPE-178446-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/178446-MS.
Reeks, M. W. (1977). On the dispersion of small particles suspended in an isotropic turbulent fluid. Journal of fluid mechanics, 83(3): 529-546. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022112077001323.
Romanova, U. G., & Ma, T. 2013. An Investigation on the Plugging Mechanisms in a Slotted Liner from the Steam Assisted Gravity Operations. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference & Exhibition, 5-7 June, Noordwijk, The Netherlands. SPE-165111-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/165111-MS.
Romanova, U. G., Ma, T., Piwowar, M.. 2015. Thermal Formation Damage and Relative Permeability of Oil Sands of the Lower Cretaceous Formations in Western Canada. Presented at the SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, 9-11 June, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. SPE-174449-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/174449-MS.
Stahl, R. M., Smith, J. D., Hobbs, S.. 2014. Application of Intelligent Well Technology to a SAGD Producer: Firebag Field Trial. Presented at the SPE Heavy Oil Conference-Canada, 10-12 June, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. SPE-170153-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/170153-MS.
Tiffin, D. L., King, G. E., Larese, R. E.. 1998. New Criteria for Gravel and Screen Selection for Sand Control. Presented at the SPE Formation Damage Control Conference, 18-19 February, Lafayette, Louisiana. SPE-39437-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/39437-MS.
Tronvoll, J., Larsen, I., Li, L., Skjetne, T., & Gustavsen, Ø. 2004. Rock Mechanics Aspects of Well Productivity in Marginal Sandstone Reservoirs: Problems, Analysis Methods, and Remedial Actions. Presented at the SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, 18-20 February, Lafayette, Louisiana. SPE-86468-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/86468-MS.
Underdown, D. R., Dickerson, R. C., Vaughan, W. 1999. The Nominal Sand Control Screen: A Critical Evaluation of Screen Performance. Presented at SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 3-6 October, Houston, Texas. SPE-56591-MS http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/56591-MS.
Underdown, D. R., Hopkins, S. 2008. Design and Implementation of Retention/Filtration Media for Sand Control. SPE Drilling & Completion, 23(03): 235-241. SPE-103782-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/103782-PA.
Valdes, J. R., & Santamarina, J. C. 2006. Particle clogging in radial flow: Microscale mechanisms. SPE Journal, 11(02): 193-198. SPE-88819-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/88819-PA.
Van Vliet, J., & Hughes, M. J. 2015. Comparison of Direct-Wrap and Slip-On Wire Wrap Screens for Thermal Well Applications. Presented at the SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, 23-25 November, Banff, Alberta, Canada. SPE-178462-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/178462-MS.
Vaziri, H., Barree, B., Xiao Y.. 2002. What is the Magic of Water in Producing Sand?. Presented at SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition held in San Antonio, Texas, 29 September. SPE 77683-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/77683-MS.
Veeken, C. A. M., Davies, D. R., Kenter, C. J.. 1991. Sand Production Prediction Review: Developing an Integrated Approach. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 6-9 October, Dallas, Texas. SPE-22792-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/22792-MS.
Wen, S., Zhao, Y., Liu, Y.. 2007. A Study on Catalytic Aquathermolysis of Heavy Crude Oil During Steam Stimulation. Society of Petroleum Engineers. Presented at the International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, 28 February-2 March, Houston, Texas, U.S.A. SPE-106180-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/106180-MS.
Williams, C. F., Richard, B. M., & Horner, D. 2006. A New Sizing Criterion for Conformable and Nonconformable Sand Screens Based on Uniform Pore Structures. Presented at the SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, 15-17 February, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA. SPE-98235-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/98235-MS.
Williamson, H., Babaganov, A., & Romanova, U. 2016. Unlocking Potential Of The Lower Grand Rapids Formation, Western Canada: The Role Of Sand Control and Operational Practices in SAGD Performance. Presented at the SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, 7-9 June, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. SPE-180700-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/180700-MS.
Wu, B., Choi, S. K., Feng, Y.. 2016. Evaluating Sand Screen Performance Using Improved Sand Retention Test and Numerical Modelling. Presented at the Offshore Technology Conference Asia, 22-25 March, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. OTC-26434-MS. https://doi.org/10.4043/26434-MS.
Zhang, W., Youn, S., & Doan, Q. T. 2007. Understanding Reservoir Architectures and Steam-Chamber Growth at Christina Lake, Alberta, by Using 4D Seismic and Crosswell Seismic Imaging. SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering, 10 (05): 446-452. SPE-97808-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/97808-PA.