Sand Control Design through Assessment of Mathematical Models Representing Particle Size Distribution of Reservoir Sands
- M. Roostaei (University of Alberta) | A. Nouri (University of Alberta) | V. Fattahpour (University of Alberta) | M. Mahmoudi (University of Alberta) | M. Izadi (Louisiana State University) | A. Ghalambor (Oil Center Research International) | B. Fermaniuk (RGL Reservoir Management)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE International Conference and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, 7-9 February, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2018. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 2.7.1 Completion Fluids, 2.2 Installation and Completion Operations, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 2 Well completion, 5 Reservoir Desciption & Dynamics, 5.1.3 Sedimentology, 2.4 Sand Control, 2.7 Completion Fluids, 5.1 Reservoir Characterisation
- Sand control design, Fines content, Particle size distribution, Mathematical equation
- 4 in the last 30 days
- 257 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 9.50|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 28.00|
Standalone screen (SAS) design conventionally relies on particle size distribution (PSD) of the reservoir sands. The sand control systems generally use D-values, which are certain points on the PSD curve. The D-values are usually determined by a linear interpretation between adjacent measured points on the PSD curve. However, the linear interpretation could result in a significant error in the D-value estimation, particularly when measured PSD points are limited and the uniformity coefficient is high. Using the mathematical representation of the PSD is an efficient method to mitigate these errors. The aim of this paper is to assess the performance of different mathematical models to find the most suitable equation that can describe a given PSD.
The study collected a large databank of PSDs from published SPE papers and historical drilling reports. These data indicate significant variations in the PSD for different reservoirs and geographical areas. The literature review identified more than 30 mathematical equations that have been developed and used to represent the PSD curves. Different statistical comparators, namely, adjusted R-squared, Akaike's Information Criterion (AIC), Geometric Mean Error Ratio, and Adjusted Root Mean Square Error were used to evaluate the match between the measured PSD data with the calculated PSD from the formulae. The curve fit performance of the equations for the overall data set as well as PSD measurement techniques were studied. A particular attention was paid towards investigating the effect of fines content on the match quality for the calculated versus measured curves.
It was found that certain equations are better suited for the PSD database used in this investigation. In particular, Modified Logestic Growth, Fredlund, Sigmoid and Weibull models show the best performance for a larger number of cases (highest adjusted R-squared, lowest Sum of Squared of Errors predictions (SSE), and very low AIC). Some of the models show superior performance for limited number of PSDs. Additionally, the performance of PSD parameterized models is affected by soil texture: For higher fines content, the performance of equations tends to deteriorate. Moreover, it appears the PSD measurement techenique can influence the performance of the equations. Since the majority of the PSD resources used here did not mention their method of measurement, the effect of measurement technique could only be tested for a limited data, which indicates the measurement technique may impact the match quality.
Fitting of parameterized models to measured PSD curves, although well known in sedimentology and soil sciences, is a relatively unexplored area in petroleum applications. Mathematical representation of the PSD curve improves the accuracy of D-values determination, hence, the sand control design. This mathematical representation could result in a more scientific classification of the PSDs for sand control design and sand control testing purposes.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||29|
Mahmoudi, M., Roostaei, M., Ghalambor, A. 2016. Sand Screen Design and Optimization for Horizontal Wells Using Reservoir Grain Size Distribution Mapping. Presented at the SPE International Conference and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, 24-26 February. SPE-179036-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/179036-MS.
Mahmoudi, M., Fattahpour, V., Nouri, A., Yao, T., Baudet, B. A., Leitch, M., & Fermaniuk, B. 2016. New Criteria for Slotted Liner Design for Heavy Oil Thermal Production. Presented at SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, Banff, Alberta, 28 November-1 December. SPE 182511-MS. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/182511-MS.
Fattahpour, V., Azadbakht, S., Mahmoudi, M., Guo, Y., Nouri, A., & Leitch, M. 2016. Effect of Near Wellbore Effective Stress on the Performance of Slotted Liner Completions in SAGD Operations. Presented at the SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, Banff, Alberta, 28 November-1 December. SPE 182507-MS. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/182507-MS.
Menéndez-Aguado, J. M., Peña-Carpio, E., and Sierra, C. 2015. Particle size distribution fitting of surface detrital sediment using the Swrebec function. J Soils Sediments 15(9):2004–2011. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s1136.
Boadu, F., 2000. Hydraulic Conductivity of Soils from Grain-Size Distribution: New Models. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng 126 (08):739–746. https://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(2000)126:8(739).
Cronican, A.E., and Gribb, M.M. 2004. Hydraulic Conductivity Prediction for Sandy Soils. Ground Water 42 (03):459–464. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-6584.2004.tb02694.x.
Buiting, J. J. M., and Clerke, E. A. 2013. Permeability from Porosimetry Measurements: Derivation for a Tortuous and Fractal Tubular Bundle. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 108: 267–278. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2013.04.016.
Izadi, M., Ghalambor, A. 2013. New Approach in Permeability and Hydraulic-Flow-Unit Determination. SPE Res Eval & Eng 16 (03): 257–264. SPE 151576-PA. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/151576-PA.
Babak, O. and Resnick, J. 2014. On the Use of Particle Size Distribution Data for Permeability Modeling. Presented at the SPE Heavy Oil Conference-Canada, Calgary, Alberta, 10-12 June. SPE-170122-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/170122-MS.
Gupta, S.C., and Larson, W.E., 1979. Estimating soil-water retention characteristics from particle size distribution, organic matter percent, and bulk density. Water Resources Research Journal 15(06):1633–1635. https://dx.doi.org/10.1029/WR015i006p01633.
Arya, L.M., and Paris J.F., 1981. A physicoempirical model to predict the soil moisture characteristic from particle-size distribution and bulk density data. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 45 (06):1023–1030. http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1981.03615995004500060004x.
Indraratna, B., Nguyen, V., and Rujikiatkamjorn, C. 2012. Hydraulic conductivity of saturated granular soils determined using a constriction-based technique. Can Geotech J 49 (05): 607–613. https://dx.doi.org/10.1139/t2012-016.
Weltje, G.J., and Von Eynatten, H. 2004. Quantitative provenance analysis of sediments: review and outlook. Sediment Geol 171 (1-4):1–11. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sedgeo.2004.05.007.
Sierra, C., Menéndez-Aguado, J.M., Carreño, M.. 2011. Feasibility study on the use of soil washing to remediate the As-Hg contamination at an ancient mining and metallurgy area. J Hazard Mater 196: 93–100. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.08.080.
Yamamuro, J., and Wood, F., 2004. Effect of Depositional Method on the Undrained Behavior and Microstructure of Sand with Silt. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 24(9-10):751–760. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2004.06.004.
Guo, P. and Su, X. 2007. Shear Strength, Interparticle Locking, and Dilatancy of Granular Materials. Can. Geotech. J. 44(05): 579–591. https://dx.doi.org/10.1139/t07-010.
Chang, C.S., Misra, A., Sundaram, S.S., 1990. Micromechanical modelling of cemented sands under low amplitude oscillations. Geotechnique 40 (02):251–263. https://dx.doi.org/10.1680/geot.19220.127.116.11.
Bruno, M.S., Nelson, R.B., 1991. Microstructural analysis of the inelastic behavior of sedimentary rock. Mech. Mater 12 (02):95–118. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0167-6636(91)90057-7.
Dvorkin, J., Mavko, G., Nur, A., 1991. The effect of cementation on the elastic properties of granular materials. Mech. Mater. 12 (03-04):207–217.https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0167-6636(91)90018-U.
McLaren, P., and Bowles, D. 1985. The effects of sediment transport on grain size distributions. J Sed Petrol 55:457–470. https://dx.doi.org/10.1306/212F86FC-2B24-11D7-8648000102C1865D.
Flemming, B.W., 2007. The Influence of Grain-Size Analysis Methods and Sediment Mixing On Curve Shapes and Textural Parameters: Implications for Sediment Trend Analysis. Sediment Geol 202(03):425–435. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sedgeo.2007.03.018.
George, O., Suman, Jr., and Robert E. S. 1982. Sand Control Design Criteria and Gravel Packing Concepts. Presented at the International Petroleum Exhibition and Technical Symposium of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, Beijing, China, 18-26 March. SPE-10031-MS. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/10031-MS.
Markestad, P., Christie, O., Espedal, A.. 1996. Selection of Screen Slot Width to Prevent Plugging and Sand Production. Presented at the SPE Formation Damage Control Symposium, Lafayette, Louisiana, 14-15 February. SPE 31087. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/31087-MS.
Mondal, S., Sharma, M. M., Hodge, R. M.. 2012. A New Method for the Design and Selection of Premium/ Woven Sand Screens. SPE Drill & Compl 27(03): 406–415. SPE-146656-PA. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/146656-PA.
Chanpura, R. A., Fidan, S., Mondal, S.. 2011. Advancements in Screen Testing, Interpretation and Modeling for Standalone Screen Applications. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference, Noordwijk, Netherlands, 7-10 June. SPE 143731. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/143731-MS.
Chanpura, R. A., Mondal, S., Sharma, M. M.. 2012. Unraveling the Myths Associated with Selecting Standalone Screens and a new Mythology for Sand- Control Applications. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San-Antonia, Texas, 8-10 October. SPE 158922. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/158922-MS.
Fischer, C. C., Constien, V. G., and Vining, C.M. 2014. Filtering Out More Information from laboratory Screen and Gravel Pack Tests. Presented at the SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, 26-28 February. SPE 168202. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/168202-MS.
Fredlund, M. D., Fredlund, D. G., and Wilson, G. W. 2000. An Equation to Represent Grain-Size Distribution. Cana Geotech J. 37 (04): 817–827. https://dx.doi.org/10.1139/t00-015.
Hwang, S. I., Leeb, K. P., Leeb, D. S.. 2002. Models for estimating soil particle-size distributions. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 66(4):1143–1150. https://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2002.1143.
Shangguan, W., Dai, Y., García-Gutiérrez, C.. 2014. Particle-Size Distribution Models for the Conversion of Chinese Data to FAO/USDA System. The Scientific World Journal 2014(2014):1–11. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/109310.
Nemes, A., Wösten, J., Lilly, A.. 1999. Evaluation of Different Procedures to Interpolate Particle-Size Distributions to Achieve Compatibility within Soil Databases. Geoderma. 90 (3-4):187–202. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7061(99)00014-2.
Turcotte, D. L., 1986. Fractals and fragmentation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 91(2):1921–1926. https://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB091iB02p01921.
Tyler S.W., and Wheatcraft, S.W., 1992. Fractal Scaling Of Soil Particle Size Distributions: Analysis and Limitations. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 56(2):362–369. https://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1992.03615995005600020005x.
Skaggs, T. H., Arya, L. M., Shouse, P. J.. 2001. Estimating Particle-Size Distribution from Limited Soil Texture Data. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 65(4):1038–1044. https://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2001.6541038x.
Abram, M. and Cain, G. 2014. Particle-Size Analysis for the Pike 1 Project, McMurray Formation. J Can Pet Technol 53 (06): 339–354. SPE 173890-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/173890-PA.
Hwang, S. I., 2004. Effect of Texture on the Performance of Soil Particle-Size Distribution Models. Geoderma, 123 (3-4): 363–371. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2004.03.003.
Zhao, P., Shao, M., and Horton, R. 2011. Performance of soil particle-size distribution models for describing deposited soils adjacent to constructed dams in the China Loess Plateau. Acta Geophysica, 59(1):124–138. https://doi.org/10.2478/s11600-010-0037-2.
Botula, Y., Cornelis, W.M., Baert, G.. 2013. Particle Size Distribution models For Soils of the Humid Tropics. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 13(04):686–698.https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11368-012-0635-5.
Wang, W., Liu J., Zhao, B.. 2015. Critical Evaluation of Particle Size Distribution Models Using Soil Data Obtained with a Laser Diffraction Method. PLoS ONE 10(4):1–18. https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0125048.
Buchan, G., Grewal, K., and Robson, A. 1993. Improved Models of Particle-Size Distribution: An Illustration of Model Comparison Techniques. Soil Sci Soc Am J. 57: 901–908. http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1993.03615995005700040004x.
Akaike, H. 1998. Information Theory and an Extension of the Maximum Likelihood Principle. Springer Series in Statistics Book Series, 199–213. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-1694-0_15.
Agunloye, E. and Utunedi, E. 2014. Optimizing Sand Control Design using Sand Screen Retention Testing. Presented at the SPE Nigeria Annual International Conference and Exhibition, Lagos, Nigeria, 5-7 August. SPE 172488. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/172488-MS.
Al-Lamki, A., Twycross, J., Clarke, G. 2004. Maximizing Productivity in the Scoter Gas Condensate Field, UKCS: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Expandable Sand Screen Design and Subsea Installation. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Huston, Texas, 26-29 September. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/91004-MS.
Asadi, M. and Conway, M. W. 2001. Mudcake/Screen Cleanup Investigation in Openhole Gravel-Packed Completions. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, Louisiana, 30 September – 3 October. SPE 71670. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/71670-MS.
Asadi, M. and Penny, S. G. 2000. Sand Control Screen Plugging and Cleanup. Presented at the SPE Asia Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Brisbane, Australia, 16-18 October. SPE 64413. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/64413-MS.
Babak, O., Resnick, J. 2016. On the Use of Particle-Size-Distribution Data for Permeability Prediction. SPE Res Eval & Eng 19 (01). SPE-170122-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/170122-PA.
Ballard, T. and Beare, S. 2003. Media Sizing for Premium Sand Screens: Dutch Twill Weaves. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference, Hague, Netherlands, 13-14 May. SPE 82244. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/82244-MS.
Ballard, T. and Beare, S. 2012. An Investigation of Sand Retention Testing with a View to Developing Better Guidelines for Screen Selection. Presented at the SPE International Symposium on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, 15-17 February. SPE-151768. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/151768-MS.
Ballard, T. and Beare, S. 2013. Particle Size Analysis for Sand Control Applications. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference and Exhibition, Noordwijk, Netherlands, 5-7 June. SPE 165119. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/165119-MS.
Ballard, T., Loe, N. K., and Mathisen, A. M. 1999. The Development and Application of a Method for the Evaluation of Sand Screens. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference, Hague, Netherlands, 31 May-1 June. SPE 54745. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/54745-MS.
Ballard, T.J. and Beare, S.P. 2006. Sand Retention Testing: The More You Do, the Worse It Gets. Presented at the SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, LA, 15-17 February. SPE 98308. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/98308-MS.
Bennett, N. D. 2015. Using Prepack Sand-Retention Tests (SRT's) to Narrow Down Liner/Screen Sizing in SAGD Wells. Presented at the SPE Thermal Well integrity and Design Symposium, Banff, Alberta, 23-25 November. SPE 178443. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/178443-MS.
Colwart, G., Burton, R.C., Eaton, L. F.. 2009. Lessons Learned on Sand Control Failure and Subsequent Workover Magnolia Deepwater Development. SPE Drill & Compl 24 (01). SPE-105542-PA. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/105542-PA.
Constien, V. and Coffey, D. 2008. Development of Reactive Coatings to Protect Sand-Control Screens. Presented at the SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, 13-15 February. SPE 112494. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/112494-MS.
Deilami F., Salehi-Moorkani, R., and Ghasemzadeh, A. 2010. Successful Applications of Expandable Sand Screen in Persian Oil Fields, Part 2. Presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference, Queensland, Australia, 18-20 October. SPE-133366. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/133366-MS.
Durrett, J. L., Golbin, W. T., Murray, J. W.. 1976. Seeking a Solution to Sand Control. J Pet Technol 29 (12). SPE 6210-PA. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/6210-PA.
Farrow, C., Munro, D., and McCarthy, T. 2004. Screening Methodology for Downhole and Sand Control Selection. Presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Perth, Australia, 18-20 October. SPE 88493. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/88493-MS.
Flanigan, M. J. 1980. Smaller Gravel and Coated Screens Enhance 50-Year-Old Field. J Pet Technol 32 (05). SPE 7973. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/7973-PA.
Furgier, J. N., Viguerie, B., Aubry, E.. Standalone Screens: What key parameters are Really Important for a Successful Design?. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference and Exhibition, Noordwijk, Netherlands, 5-7 June. SPE 165170. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/165170-MS.
Furgier, J.N., Delattre, E. 2009. Different Applications of Expandable Screens Through Three Case Studies. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference, Scheveningen, Netherlands, 27-29 May. SPE-121543. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/121543-MS.
George, G. 1985. Sand Retainment as Applied to Heavy Oil Wells in the Lloydminster, Alberta/ Saskatchewan Region (Theory of Partial Sand Retainment). Presented at the Petroleum Society, Regina, South Saskatchewan, 15-17 September. PETSOC-SS-85-10. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/SS-85-10.
Gillespie, G., Deem, C. K., and Malbrel, C. 2000. Screen Selection for Sand Control Based on laboratory Tests. Presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Brisbane, Australia, 16-18 October. SPE 64398. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/64398-MS.
Jones, C., Ginest, N. H. 2009. A Successful Expandable Sand Screen Case History in a Deep, Corrosive Gas Well Application. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference, Scheveningen, Netherlands, 27-29 May. SPE 122847. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/122847-MS.
Gomes, D. G. O., Villalobos, J. F. C., and Castano, G. 2014. Automating a Comprehensive Methodology for Evaluation, Selection, and Sizing of Sand Control Methods in Fields with Sand Problems_ A Case Study. Presented at the SPE Latin American and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference, Maracaibo, Venezuela, 21-23 May. SPE 169380. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/169380-MS.
Guinot, F., Douglass, S., Duncan, J.. 2009. Sand Exclusion and Management in the Okwori Subsea Oil Field, Nigeria. SPE Drill & Compl 24 (01).SPE-106294-PA. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/106294-PA.
Gumpertz, B. 1941. Effect of Gravel on Unconsolidated Sands. SPE AIME 142 (01).SPE 941076. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/941076-G.
Hareezi, A., Aziz, A., Samuel, O. B.. 2015. First Deployment of Single-Trip Stand-Alone-Screen (SAS) Completions for an Operator in Malaysia Saves Rig Time. Presented at the SPE, Bergen, Norway, 22 April. SPE 173844. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/173844-MS.
Mohan, A., Toelsie, S. 2010. Optimization of Sand Control for Unconsolidated, Shallow, and Low-Pressure Sandstone Reservoirs: A Suriname Case Study. Presented at the SPE Trinidad and Tobago Energy Resources Conference, Trinidad, Spain, 27-30 June. SPE 133461. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/133461-MS.
Hodge, R. M., Burton, R. C., Constien, V.. 2002. An Evaluation Method for Screen-Only and Gravel-Pack Completions. Presented at the SPE International Symposium Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, 20-21 February. SPE 73772. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/73772-MS.
Holman, G. B. 1976. Evaluation of Control Techniques for Unconsolidated Silty Sands. J Pet Technol 28 (09). SPE 5656. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/5656-PA.
Huimin, Y., Patarroyo, M., Perez, C.. 2011. Innovative Well- Completion Strategy for Challenging Heavy-Oil Wells within Mature Fields Requiring Sand Control in Colombia. Presented at the SPE Heavy Oil Conference and Exhibition, Kuwait City, Kuwait, 12-14 December. SPE 149966. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/149966-MS.
Islam, M. R. and George, A. E.1991. Sand Control in Horizontal Wells in Heavy-Oil Reservoirs. J Pet Technol 43(07): 844–853. SPE 18789-PA. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/18789-PA.
Krieger, K.D. and Pucknell, J.K. 2003. Producing Trinidad Solids Free: A Retrospective Sand Control Completion Study. Presented at the SPE Latin American and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference, Spain, Trinidad, West Indies, 27-30 April. SPE 81053. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/81053-MS.
Kumar, A., Chellappah, K., Aston, M.. 2013. Quality Control of Particle Size Distributions. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference and Exhibition, Noordwijk, Netherlands, 5-7June. SPE 165150. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/165150-MS.
Laidlaw, D., Muryanto, B., Maharanoe, M. I.. 2014. Multizone Openhole Stand Alone Screen: Innovative Sand Control Solution to Develop Shallow Gas Reservoirs in Mahakam Delta. Presented by the SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, 26-28 February. SPE 168200. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/168200-MS.
Lamb, K. F., Harper, B. F., Ali, S. A.. 2007. Fluid-Loss Pills Control Losses through Sand-Control Screens without Damage or Cleanup Treatment. Presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Jakarta, Indonesia, 30 October – 1 November. SPE 110692. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/110692-MS.
Larsen, O.S., Fjellstad, V., Mathisen, A.M.. 2012. New Sand Retention Test Setup Exhibits No Plugging Tendencies with Various Screen Types Using Non-uniform Test Sand. Presented at the SPE International and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, 15-17 February. SPE 151346. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/151346-MS.
Lester, G. S., Malbrel, C. A., and Whitlock, M. B. 1995. Field Application of a New Cleanable and Damage Tolerant Downhole Screen. Presented at the SPE European Formation and Damage Conference, Hogue, Netherlands, 15-16 May. SPE 30132. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/30132-MS.
Lopez Lara, A., Montalvo, J. A., Salas Zapata, A.. 2008. Expandable Screens: Optimized Horizontal Gas Production through Collaboration. Presented at the Offshore Technology Conference, Huston, Texas, 5-8 May. OTC 19341. https://dx.doi.org/10.4043/19341-MS.
Malbrel, C., Procyk, A., and Cameron, J.1999. Screen Sizing Rules and Running Guidelines to Maximise Horizontal Well Productivity. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference, Hague, Netherlands, 31 May – 1 June. SPE 54743. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/54743-MS.
Martch, E., Hudson, A., Bode, W.. 2012. Fundamentals of Gravel Pack Performance with Mesh Screens. Presented at the SPE International Symposium on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, 15-17 February. SPE-151865. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/151865-MS.
Mason, D., Ramos, M.J., Pena, C.M. 2005. A Comparison of the Performance of Recent Sand Control Completions in the Mokoko Abana Field Offshore Cameroon. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference, Scheveningen, Netherlands, 25-27 May. SPE 94651. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/94651-MS.
Mathisen, A. M., Aastveit, G. L., and Alteraas, E. 2007. Successful Installation of Stand Alone Sand Screen in more than 200 Wells, - The importance of Screen Selection Process and Fluid Qualification. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference, Scheveningen, Netherlands, 30 May – 1 June. SPE 107539. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/107539-MS.
Mclninch, B. E. 1999. Design, Implementation, and Assessment of a Sand Control Strategy for The Horizontal Completions of the West Brae/ Sedgwick Joint Development. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference, Hague, Netherlands, 31 May – 1 June. SPE 54716. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/54716-MS.
McPhee, C. A., Webster, C., Daniels, G.. 2014. Integrated Sand Management Strategy Development: Kinabalu Field. Presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 10-12 December. IPTC- 17828-MS. https://dx.doi.org/10.2523/IPTC-17828-MS.
Mendez, A., Johnson, D., and Kakadijian, S. 2011. Use of Zeta Potential to Maximize Sand Free Rate: A New Approach on Sand Control. Presented at the SPE Offshore Conference and Exhibition, Macae, Brazil, 14-17 June. SPE 143124. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/143124-MS.
Meza- Diaz, B., Tremblay, B., and Doan, Q. 2002. Optimizing Sand Production through Horizontal Well Slots in Primary Production. Presented at the Petroleum Society's Canadian International Petroleum Conference, Calgary, Alberta, 11-13 June. PETSOC-2002-192. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/2002-192.
Meza-Diaz, B., Tremblay, B., and Doan, Q. 2003. Mechanisms of Sand Production through Horizontal Wells Slots in Primary Production. J Can Pet Technol 42(10): 36–46. PETSOC-03-10-04. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/03-10-04.
Mower, L.N. and Soverall, D.G. 1980. Applied Technology Meets Trinidad Sand Control Challenge. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Dallas, Texas, 21-24 September. SPE 9422. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/9422-MS.
Nadeem, A., Strazzi, A., Justiniano, P.. 2013. Ceramic Screens – An innovative Downhole Sand Control Solution for Old and Challenging Cased Hole Completions. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Orleans, Louisiana, 30 September – 2 October. SPE 166092. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/166092-MS.
Nemes, A., Wösten, J., Lilly, A.. 1999. Evaluation of Different Procedures to Interpolate Particle-Size Distributions to Achieve Compatibility within Soil Databases. Geoderma. 90 (3-4):187–202. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7061(99)00014-2.
Nettleship, G., Palmer, A., and Eshtewi, A. 2013. Maximising Productivity of Standalone Screen Completions in Complex Multi- Lateral Wells. Presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, Beijing, China, 26-28 March. IPTC 16781. https://dx.doi.org/10.2523/IPTC-16781-MS.
Nettleship, G., Palmer, A., and Eshtewi, A. 2014. Installation of Complex Multilateral Wells with Standalone Sand Screens in the Vincent Field. SPE Drill & Compl 29(02):150–164. SPE 169903-PA. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/169903-PA.
Oluyemi, G., Oyeneyin, B., and Macleod, C. 2006. Prediction of Directional Grain Size Distribution: An integrated Approach. Presented at the SPE Nigeria Annual International Conference and Exhibition, Abuja, Nigeria, 31 July-2 August. SPE 105989. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/105989-MS.
Oyeneyin, M.B., Macleod, C., Oluyemi, G.. 2005. Intelligent Sand Management. Presented at the SPE Nigeria Annual International Conference and Exhibition, Abuja, Nigeria, 1-3 August. SPE 98818. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/98818-MS.
Parlar, M., Tibbles, R. J., Gadiyar, B.. 2016. A New Approach for Selecting Sand-Control Technique is Horizontal Openhole Completions.SPE Drill & Compl 31 (01):4–15. SPE-170691-PA. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/170691-PA.
Piemontese, M., Colombo, M., Ripa, G.. 2014. Successful Placement of an Advancing Sand and Fines Control Chemical as a Remedial Sand Control, using Subsea Flow Lines from an FPSO. Presented at the SPE Deepwater Drilling and Completions Conference, Galveston, Texas, 10-11 September. SPE-170278-MS. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/170278-MS.
Regulacion, R., Seno, A., Bn Safiin, N.. 2011. Optimized Stand-Alone Screen Design for the ‘J’ Field, Malaysia. Presented at the SPE Production and Operations Symposium, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 27-29 March. SPE 141461. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/141461-MS.
Risatrio, A. A., Muryanto, B. H., Wijaya, R.. 2015. Cased Hole Ceramic Screen Cutting Completion Cost for Marginal Reservoir: Application in Tunu Field. Presented in the SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Nusa Dua, Bali, 20-22 October. SPE 176225. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/176225-MS.
Roy, A., Thrasher, D., Twynam, A.. 2004. Water Injection Completion Philosophy in a Deepwater Subsea Environment Requiring Sand Control: A Case Study of 29 Injection Wells West of Shetland. Presented at the SPE, Houston, Texas, 26-29 September. SPE 89745. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/89745-MS.
Salahudin, S., King, K., Terwogt, J. H.. 2006. Sand Face Completion for a Shallow Laminated Gas Pay with High Fines Content. Presented at the Canadian International Petroleum Conference, Calgary, Alberta, 13-15 June. PETSOC-2006-105. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/2006-105.
Salehi-Moorkani, R., and Ghasemzadeh, A. 2011. Improvement of the Criteria for Expandable Sand Screen Well Candidate Selection. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference, Noordwijk, Netherlands, 7-10 June. SPE 143377. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/143377-MS.
Shyrock, S. H. and Watkins W. R. 1971. Sand Exclusion by Pressure Packing Through Perforations, Presented at the SPE California Regional Meeting, Los Angeles, California, 4 – 5 November. SPE 3681. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/3681-MS.
Slagle, D. M., Ward, R. W., Reed, L. N. 1969. Control of Sand Production in the Underground Storage of Natural Gas. J Pet Technol 21(05): SPE 2350-PA. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/2350-PA.
Slayter, A. G., Byrne, M., McPhee, C. A. 2008. Sand Management: What Are We Sure Of? Presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Perth, Australia, 20-22 October. SPE 114781. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/114781-MS.
Spurlock, J. W. and Demski, D. B. 1972. A New Approach to the Sand Control Problem- A Multi-Layer, Wire-Wrapped Sand Screen. Presented at the SPE Fall Meeting of the Society of Petroleum Engineers of AIME, San Antonio, Texas, 8-11 Oct. SPE 4014. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/4014-MS.
Steve, I., Godwin, A., Olufunsho, O. O.. 2014. Well Rejuvenation Through ‘Novel Thru- Tubing Sand Screen Insert’ in a Horizontal Completion with Sand Production Challenges. Presented at the SPE Nigeria Annual International Conference and Exhibition, Lagos, Nigeria, 5-7 August, SPE 172482. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/172482-MS.
Sukotrihadiyono, T., Malau, A., Sugi P, G.. 2013. Sand Control and Gas Well Production Optimisation in a Multilayer Reservoir Gas Field. Presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Jakarta, Indonesia, 22-24 October. SPE 165904. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/165904-MS.
Terwogt, T. H., Hadfield, N. S., Karanenburg, V. A. A.. 2006. Design and Implementation of a Sand Control Completion for a Troublesome Shallow Laminated Gas Pay – A Case Study. Presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Adelaide, Australia, 11- 13 September. SPE 101181. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/101181-MS.
Thilagalingam, J., Natasha, M. S., Jadid, M. 2012. Pushing The Limits of Downhole Sand Control: E Field. Presented at the SPE Annual Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, 8-10 October. SPE 156188. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/156188-MS.
Tiffin, D. L., King, G. E., Larese, R. E., & Britt, L. K. 1998. New Criteria for Gravel and Screen Selection for Sand Control. Presented at the SPE Formation Damage Control Conference, Lafayette, Louisiana, 18-19 February. SPE 39437-MS. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/39437-MS.
Toma, P., Livesey, D., and Heidrick, T. 1988. New Sand-Control Filter for Thermal Recovery Wells. SPE Prod Eng 3(02): 249–257. SPE-15057-PA. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/15057-PA.
Tovar, J.J. and Webster, C.M. 2006. Recent Advances in Granular – Based Sand Control Design Operations and Their Performance Evaluation. Presented at the SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, LA, 15-17 February. SPE 97956. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/97956-MS.
Tremblay, B., Sedgwick, G., and Vu, D. 1998. CT Imaging of Sand Production in a Horizontal Sand Pack Using Live Oil. Presented at the Technical Meeting of The Petroleum Society, Calgary, Alberta, 8- 10 June. PETSOC-98-78. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/98-78.
Tronvoll, J. and Sonstebo, E. F. 1997. Productivity Effects of Drawdown and Depletion in Open Hole Completions: Do Screens Plug? Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference, Hague, Netherlands, 2-3 June. SPE 38191. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/38191-MS.
Underdown, D. R., and Hopkins, S. 2008. Design and Implementation of Retention/Filtration Media for Sand Control. SPE Drill & Compl 23 (03): 235–241.SPE-103782-PA. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/103782-PA.
Underdown, D. R., Dickerson, R. C., and Vaughan, W. 1999. The Nominal Sand Control Screen: A Critical Evaluation of Screen Performance. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Houston, Texas, 3-6 October. SPE 56591. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/56591-MS.
Underdown, D. R., Dickerson, R.C., and Vaughan, W. 2001. The Nominal Sand-Control Screen: A Critical Evaluation of Screen Performance. SPE Drill & Compl 16(04): 252–260. SPE 75326-PA. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/75326-PA.
Wali, A., Uzoho, F., Nwankwo, C.. 2015. Evaluation of Cased-Hole Expandable Sand Screen (ESS) Application in Gas Wells. Presented at the SPE Nigeria Annual International Conference and Exhibition, Lagos, Nigeria, 4-6 August. SPE 178311. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/178311-MS.
Walton, I. C., Atwood, D. C., Halleck, P. M.. 2002. Perforating Unconsolidated Sands: An Experimental and Theoretical Investigation. SPE Drill & Compl 17(03): 141–150. SPE 79041. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/79041-PA.
Walton, I.C., Atwood, D. C., Halleck, P. M.. 2001. Perforating Unconsolidated Sands: An Experimental and Theoretical Investigation. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, Louisiana, 30 September – 3 October. SPE 71458. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/71458-MS.
Wan Mohamad, W. A., Jadid M., and Wahba, M. A. 2008. Temana Field Pilot Implementation: A Shift in Sand Control Philosophy to improve Well Performance. Presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 3-5 December. IPTC 12390. https://dx.doi.org/10.2523/IPTC-12390-MS.
Webb, T., Omar, N. F., Desormeaux, R. A.. 2008. Kikeh Development: Sand Control Selection, Design and Implementation of ESS. Presented at the Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, Texas, 5-8 May. OTC 19484. https://dx.doi.org/10.4043/19484-MS.
Wibawa, S., Kvernstuen, S., Chechin, A.. 2008. ICD Screen Technology in stag Field to Control Sand and Increase Recovery by Avoiding Wormhole Effect. Presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 3-5 December. IPTC 12385. https://dx.doi.org/10.2523/IPTC-12385-MS.
Wildhack, S., Lesniak, C., Mussig, S. 2012. Ceramic Sand Screens for Sand Control in Unconsolidated Reservoirs: Application and Sand Retention Capabilities in the Maturing Oil Field, Gaiselberg, Austria. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, 8-10 October. SPE 160327. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/160327-MS.
Williams, C.F., Richard, B.M., Horner, D. 2006. A new Sizing Criterion for conformable and Nonconformable Sand Screens Based on Uniform Pore Structures. Presented at the SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, LA, 15-17 February. SPE 98235. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/98235-MS.
Witteveld, A. D., Cutright, D., Hayes, J. E. 2004. Effective Sand- Control Completions in a Remote Development- Chad, Africa. Presented at the IADC/ SPE Drilling Conference, Dallas, Texas, 2-4 March. IADC/SPE 87199. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/87199-MS.
Woiceshyn, G., Russell, T., and Caulfield, I. 2010. A Unique Sand Control Screen that Enhances Productivity. Presented at the SPE Latin American and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference, Lima, Peru, 1-3 December. SPE 139360. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/139360-MS.
Wu, B., Choi, S. K., Feng, Y. 2016. Evaluating Sand Screen Performance Using Improved Sand Retention Test and Numerical Modelling. Presented at the Offshore Technology Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 22-25 March. OTC-26434. https://dx.doi.org/10.4043/26434-MS.
Wu., C. H., Sharma, M. M., Chanpura, R. 2016. Factors Governing the Performance of Multi-Layered Metal-Mesh Screens. Presented at the SPE International Conference and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, 24-26 February. SPE 178955. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/178955-MS.
Yeh, C. S., Moffett, T., Barry, M. D.. 2010. Enhancing Sand Screen Reliability: An Innovative, Adaptive Approach. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Florence, Italy, 19-22 September. SPE 134492. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/134492-MS.
Yeh, S. C., Grueschow, E, R., Bhargava, P. 2012. Technology Innovation and Integration Enabling More Flexible, Adaptive and Reliable Sand Control in Openhole Completions. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, 8-10 October, SPE 159858. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/159858-MS.
Yeh, S. C., Mayer, S. C., Howell, D. A.. Extending the Production Capacity in Sand Control Completions Using a Self-Mitigating Sand Screen. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference and Exhibition, Noordwijk, Netherlands, 5-7 June. SPE 165135. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/165135-MS.
Yongquan, H., Jinzhou, Z., Zhinjun, W.. 1997. Sand Control Mechanism Analysis of Metallic Wool Screen. Presented at the Petroleum Society, Calgary, Alberta, 8-11 June. PETSOC-97-130. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/97-130.
Zamberi, M.S.A., Shafee, S. N. A., Jadid, M.. 2014. Reduced Erosion of Standalone Sand Screen Completion Using Flow Segmentizers. Presented at the Offshore Technology Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 25- 28 March. OTC-25019-MS. https://dx.doi.org/10.4043/25019-MS.
Zhang, K., Chanpura, A. R., Mondal, S.. 2014. Particle Size Distribution Measurement Techniques and their Relevance or Irrelevance to Sand Control Design. Presented at the International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, 26-28 February. SPE 168152. https://dx.doi.org/10.2118/168152-MS.
Rohatgi, A., 2016. WebPlotDigitizer. http://arohatgi.info/WebPlotDigitizer/app (accessed 6 September 2016).
Sun, D., Bloemendal, J., Rea, D.K.. 2002. Grain-Size Distribution Function of Polymodal Sediments in Hydraulic and Aeolian Environments, and Numerical Partitioning of the Sedimentary Components. J. Sedimentary Geology 152(3-4):263–277. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0037-0738(02)00082-9.