An Experimental Study of Non-Equilibrium CO2-Oil Interactions
- Mahmood Reza Yassin (University of Alberta) | Ali Habibi (University of Alberta) | Sara Eghbali (University of Alberta) | Ashkan Zolfaghari (University of Alberta) | Hassan Dehghanpour (University of Alberta)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 9-11 October, San Antonio, Texas, USA
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2017. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Oil Swelling, CO2 EOR, CO2 Oil Interactions, Tight Oil Extraction, Natural Convection
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- 156 since 2007
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In this study, we use a custom-designed visual cell to investigate non-equilibrium CO2/oil interactions under high-pressure and high-temperature conditions. We visualize the CO2/oil interface and measure visual cell's pressure over time. We perform 5 sets of visualization test. The first three tests aim at investigating interactions of gaseous (g), liquid (l), and supercritical (sc) CO2 with the Montney oil. In the fourth test, in order to visualize the interactions at the bulk oil phase, we replace the opaque Montney oil with a translucent Duvernay light oil (LO). Finally, we conduct N2(sc)-Oil test to compare the results with those of CO2-Oil tests.
Results of the first three tests show that oil immediately expands upon injection of CO2 into the visual cell. CO2(sc) leads to the maximum oil expansion followed by CO2l and CO2(g). Furthermore, the rate of oil expansion in CO2(sc)-Oil test is higher than that in CO2(l)-Oil and CO2(g)-Oil tests. We also observe extracting and condensing flows at the CO2(l)-Oil and CO2(sc)-Oil interfaces. Moreover, we observe density-driven fingers inside the LO phase due to the local increase in the density of LO. We do not observe neither extracting/condensing flows nor density-driven mixing for N2(sc)-Oil and CO2(g)-Oil tests, explaining low expansion of oil in these tests. The results suggest that the combination of density-driven natural mixing and extracting/condensing flows enhance CO2(sc) dissolution into the oil phase, leading to fast oil expansion after CO2(sc) injection into the visual cell.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||21|
Available from: http://webbook.nist.gov/chemistry/fluid/.
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