Multi-Scale Integration of 4D Seismic and Simulation Data to Improve Saturation Estimations
- Gil Gomes Correia (State University of Campinas) | Alessandra Davolio (State University of Campinas) | Denis José Schiozer (State University of Campinas)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Europec featured at 78th EAGE Conference and Exhibition, 30 May-2 June, Vienna, Austria
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2016. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.1.8 Seismic Modelling, 5.1 Reservoir Characterisation, 5.1.9 Four-Dimensional and Four-Component Seismic, 5 Reservoir Desciption & Dynamics, 5.5 Reservoir Simulation, 5.5.8 History Matching
- Water saturation, Data resolution, Flow simulation, Seismic inversion
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- 94 since 2007
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Some difficulties are frequently associated with the integration of seismic and flow simulation datasets, especially related with the low vertical resolution of the seismic data and the uncertain estimations in the areas between the wells. One challenge is then the integration of both datasets in different scales, in order to take advantage of their characteristics. The present study proposes a redistribution of the reservoir saturation estimated with 4D seismic inversion methods, combining the information provided by the flow simulation in order to improve the quality of the estimations and their resolution.
The methodology comprehends a saturation redistribution algorithm that is applied to each reservoir block combining the information of two saturation maps: one derived from the 4D seismic data and the other estimated by the flow simulator. The final saturation estimation follows the vertical distribution given by the simulation data but keep the average behavior observed in the 4D seismic. In order to have a better control of the results, the methodology is applied to a synthetic dataset that includes a reservoir model with different grid resolutions: geomodel, simulation model and seismic model.
Two different case studies present the main results of the proposed methodology to improve the saturation predictions. The first case study represents an ideal solution being assumed that the base model (simulation model) is very similar to the reference model (geomodel that represents the true answer), remaining a few differences due to the different scales. In the second case study, the base model is selected between multiple realizations during the uncertainty reduction process. The results shows that is possible to improve the resolution of the saturation variation maps computed from 4D seismic data allowing the identification of new fine scale heterogeneities and providing better estimations of the saturation changes due to production. This methodology can also give additional clues in future history matching procedures through the identification of critical regions. With the continuous calibration of the models during a history matching process the results obtained with the redistribution method tend to improve, approaching the results obtained in the first case study.
The proposed redistribution method combines the best characteristics of the seismic and simulation data. It includes the higher sensibility of the seismic data to identify the areal distribution of the main anomalies and inserts the higher sensibility of the simulation data regarding the identification of vertical water flow trends due to gravitational effects. Thus, the procedure introduces, in the maps provided by 4D seismic, new information regarding the injection/production patterns that become more and more reliable as we approach the wells.
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