Proper Simulation of Chemical EOR (CEOR) Pilots - A Real Case Study
- Nariman Fathi Najafabadi (Chevron ETC) | Adwait Chawathe (Chevron ETC)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Improved Oil Recovery Conference, 11-13 April, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2016. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.4.1 Waterflooding, 5.5 Reservoir Simulation, 5.5.8 History Matching, 5.4 Enhanced Recovery, 5 Reservoir Desciption & Dynamics, 4.3.4 Scale
- Case Study, CEOR Pilots, Numerical Simulation, Chemical EOR
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- 411 since 2007
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Pilots are widely used for the purpose of gathering valuable information about performance and practical challenges of implementing a particular CEOR process in a given field (Adibhatla and Wattenbarger, 2009; Cheng et al., 2012). A critical step in proper design and optimization of any CEOR process, in full field or pilot scale, is appropriate and precise numerical simulations. Many considerations need to be taken into account for such simulations.
Addition of chemical species to the material balance equations alongside finer resolution requirements for CEOR simulations compared to waterfloods (WF), often make it impractical to run full field CEOR simulations to the required accuracy. Massively parallel computing, dynamic local grid refinement and sector modeling have been used with varying success, of which sector modeling is the most common. Sector models, by their very definition, are also naturally suited for modeling of pilots.
The art of sector modeling needs mastering a few important steps such as: appropriate selection of the sector model extent, details on carving it out of the Full Field Model (FFM), populating it with proper petrophysical and fluid properties, initializing it to correct initial conditions and optimizing its boundary conditions. On top of that, choice of optimum grid size for proper trade-off of simulation run times and accuracy needs to be considered.
This paper presents a case study for appropriate simulation of a CEOR pilot within Chevron. The candidate has a waterflood history matched FFM. This model is used to generate a sector model for the CEOR pilot area. This paper outlines how the extent of the sector model and all the regions in communication with the Area of Interest (AOI) is decided. It also discusses proper initialization and optimization of the boundary conditions of the sector model along with its appropriate refinement and grid optimization. Proper CEOR simulations on the final optimized sector model and sensitivity analysis are also presented. The challenges, lessons learned and best practices are shared and important considerations for adequate simulation of CEOR processes are outlined.
|File Size||5 MB||Number of Pages||18|