Effective Extraction of Green River Oil Shale via Combustion
- Taniya Kar (Petroleum Engineering, Texas A&M University) | Berna Hascakir (Petroleum Engineering, Texas A&M University)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Improved Oil Recovery Conference, 11-13 April, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2016. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.8.4 Shale Oil, 5.4.2 Gas Injection Methods, 5.1.1 Exploration, Development, Structural Geology, 5.4.6 Thermal Methods, 5.8 Unconventional and Complex Reservoirs, 5.5.2 Core Analysis, 5 Reservoir Desciption & Dynamics, 5.1 Reservoir Characterisation, 5.4 Enhanced Recovery
- Green River Oil Shale, Thermal Decomposition Temperature of Kerogen, Pyrolysis, Combustion
- 6 in the last 30 days
- 178 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 8.50|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 25.00|
The Green River, Utah holds the world's greatest oil shale resources. However, the hydrocarbon, which is namely kerogen, extraction from shales is limited due to environmental and technical challenges. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of the combustion process for shale oil extraction. Samples collected from the Green River formation were first characterized by X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Then, series of dry combustion tests were conducted at different heating rates and wet combustion tests by water addition. The combustion efficiency was enhanced by mixing oil shale samples with an iron based catalyst. The effectiveness of dry, wet, and catalyst added combustion processes was examined by the thermal decomposition temperature of kerogen. Because the conventional oil shale extraction methods are pyrolysis (retorting) and steaming, the same experiments were conducted also under nitrogen injection to mimic retorting. It has been observed that the combustion process is a more efficient method for the extraction of kerogen from oil shale than the conventional techniques. The addition of water and catalyst to combustion has been found to lower the required temperature for kerogen decomposition for lower heating rate. This study provides insight for the optimization of the thermal methods for the kerogen extraction.
|File Size||4 MB||Number of Pages||14|
Fowler, T. D., & Vinegar, H. J. (2009). Oil Shale ICP-Colorado Field Pilots. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/121164-MS.
Guven, S., Akin, S., & Hascakir, B. (2015). Comprehensive Spectral and Thermal Characterization of Oil Shales. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/172952-MS.
Hascakir, B. (2015). Real Time Tracking of Fracture Propagation During Air Injection as an Alternative Fracturing Fluid. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/177303-MS.
King, G. E. (2012). Hydraulic Fracturing 101: What Every Representative, Environmentalist, Regulator, Reporter, Investor, University Researcher, Neighbor, and Engineer Should Know About Hydraulic Fracturing Risk. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/0412-0034-JPT.
King, G. E. (2010). Thirty Years of Gas Shale Fracturing: What Have We Learned? Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/133456-MS.
Knaus, E., & Dammer, A. (2008). Environmental Considerations Related to Oil-Shale Development. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/116599-MS.
Prats, M., & O'Brien, S. M. (1975). The Thermal Conductivity and Diffusivity of Green River Oil Shales. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/4884-PA.