How to Utilize Hydraulic Fracture Interference to Improve Unconventional Development
- Basak Kurtoglu (Citibank Global Energy, Marathon Oil) | Ahmad Salman (Alta Resources, Marathon Oil)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, 9-12 November, Abu Dhabi, UAE
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2015. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 2.5 Hydraulic Fracturing, 2.2 Completion Installation and Operations, 7.2 Risk Management and Decision-Making, 2 Well completion, 7.2.1 Risk, Uncertainty and Risk Assessment, 2.2 Completion Installation and Operations, 1.6.6 Directional Drilling, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 7 Management and Information, 3 Production and Well Operations
- hydraulic fracture, development, unconventional shale, inter-well communication, frac interference
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As unconventional reservoir development progresses, tighter well spacing improves recovery at the risk of an increase in well-to-well hydraulic fracture interference. During stimulation, fractures dilate along preferential planes of weakness that extend into an existing offset well"s producing volume. This can result in water penetration and stress reorientation. The objective is to show how to analyze pressure and rate responses from fracture interference data to impact operations, adjust field development, and identify future upside potential.
The methodology starts with identifying whether fracture interference during hydraulic stimulation is beneficial (positive frac interference) or detrimental (negative frac interference) to offset producers. The impact of hydraulic fracture interference is then quantified by performing multi-phase production data analysis. The system alteration is measured by calculating the changes in well productivity and estimating incremental loss or gained volume for the pre-existing producer due to a frac interference event. This information is utilized to build full field development scenarios by modifying the drilling and completion schedule and well spacing so that the most profitable strategy is obtained.
We identify that the drivers of fracture interference consists of (1) areal variation of reservoir properties, (2) pressure depletion due to the initial generation of wells, and (3) distance between producer and infill wells. The first development scenario evaluates the impact of deferred or gained production due to a frac interference event for different geological areas. The following case high-grades acreage based on areal variation of reservoir properties by delaying the development of deferred or lost production areas due to a negative frac interference event. The last scenario captures the opportunity for a tighter well spacing in areas with positive frac interference event. Based on the learnings derived from each scenario, the most profitable development strategy is presented for a typical unconventional reservoir. Furthermore, a new re-stimulation selection criteria is proposed to capitalize on the benefits of fracture interference. Conclusions are drawn from analyzing multiple multi-stage horizontal wells from the South Texas Eagle Ford and North Dakota and Montana Bakken reservoirs.
In this paper, our results extend beyond retrospective studies by quantifying reservoir changes using a multi-phase approach and utilizing these results to impact development. Prior studies limited the classification of fracture interference as negative consequences of development. However, our investigation indicates that with improved understanding, we relate the impact of these events to development scheduling, confirmation of well spacing, and high-grading acreage to mitigate risks and harness the benefits of fracture interference as a mechanism of passive re-stimulation.
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||18|
Sardinha, C., Petr, C., Lehmann, J., Pyecroft, and Merkle, S., 2014. Determining Interwell Connectivity and Reservoir Complexity through Frac Pressure Hits and Production Interference Analysis. Paper SPE 171628 presented at the SPE/CSUR Unconventional Resources Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 30 September-2 October 2014.
Yaich, E., Diaz de Souza, O. C., Foster, R.A., and Abou-Sayed, I., 2014. A Methodology to Quantify the Impact of Well Interference and Optimize Well Spacing in the Marcellus Shale. Paper SPE 171578 presented at the SPE/CSUR Unconventional Resources Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 30 September-2 October 2014.