Is Epoxy-Based Polymer Suitable for Water Shut-Off Application?
- Farizal Hakiki (OGRINDO Research Consortium, Institut Teknologi Bandung) | Damian Dion Salam (OGRINDO Research Consortium, Institut Teknologi Bandung) | Achmad Akbari (OGRINDO Research Consortium, Institut Teknologi Bandung) | Nuraeni Nuraeni (OGRINDO Research Consortium, Institut Teknologi Bandung) | Wisnu Aditya (OGRINDO Research Consortium, Institut Teknologi Bandung) | Septoratno Siregar (OGRINDO Research Consortium, Institut Teknologi Bandung)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE/IATMI Asia Pacific Oil & Gas Conference and Exhibition, 20-22 October, Nusa Dua, Bali, Indonesia
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2015. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 2.7 Completion Fluids, 2 Well completion, 5.4 Enhanced Recovery, 5.5.2 Core Analysis, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 4 Facilities Design, Construction and Operation, 1.6.9 Coring, Fishing, 3 Production and Well Operations, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 4.1 Processing Systems and Design, 3 Production and Well Operations, 2.7.1 Completion Fluids, 5.3.6 Chemical Flooding Methods (e.g., Polymer, Solvent, Nitrogen, Immiscible CO2, Surfactant, Vapex), 3.2.6 Produced Water Management
- Berea Coreflood, Epoxy-resin, Water Shut-Off, Polymer, Triethylenetetraamine
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Well known use of epoxy-based polymer is to plug a selective layer in completion process. The similar behaviour related to its gelation as a completion fluid is a trigger to ask a question: Is epoxy-based polymer suitable for WSO (water shut-off) application too? Therefore, this paper is aimed to study the applicability of epoxy-based polymer to "reducing excessive produced water treatment" called WSO covering synthesising and core-flood experiment. An epoxy-based polymer is synthesised in various temperature and concentration of reagents those are epoxy and triethylenetetramine which are vary from 6.25% to 50% which diluted in acetone with volume over volume concentration. The polymer is then characterised using Fann-VG to know the rheology and the gelation behavior with respect to the variables above mentioned. A polymer consists of 50% (v/v) epoxy and 50% (v/v) triethylenetetramine is chosen to be applied in core-flood apparatus operating at room temperature, 20 psia injection and 120 psia confining pressure. Sandstone core with various porosity and permeability are tested to reduce its poro-perm due to epoxy-based polymer injection. Variation on concentration has shown that higher concentration gives shorter gelation period. Gelation is defined as a time required to dramatically changing the viscosity profile. These gelation data can be modelled into a simple mathematical model with multivariable consist of concentration and temperature. Sandstone cores undergo a reduction on its porosity over than 54% and permeability upto 100% which means it has potential to resist or even plug a layer with high water cut.
|File Size||4 MB||Number of Pages||17|
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