Is Epoxy-Based Polymer Suitable for Water Shut-Off Application?
- Farizal Hakiki (OGRINDO Research Consortium, Institut Teknologi Bandung) | Damian Dion Salam (OGRINDO Research Consortium, Institut Teknologi Bandung) | Achmad Akbari (OGRINDO Research Consortium, Institut Teknologi Bandung) | Nuraeni Nuraeni (OGRINDO Research Consortium, Institut Teknologi Bandung) | Wisnu Aditya (OGRINDO Research Consortium, Institut Teknologi Bandung) | Septoratno Siregar (OGRINDO Research Consortium, Institut Teknologi Bandung)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE/IATMI Asia Pacific Oil & Gas Conference and Exhibition, 20-22 October, Nusa Dua, Bali, Indonesia
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2015. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 2.7 Completion Fluids, 2 Well completion, 5.4 Enhanced Recovery, 5.5.2 Core Analysis, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 4 Facilities Design, Construction and Operation, 1.6.9 Coring, Fishing, 3 Production and Well Operations, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 4.1 Processing Systems and Design, 3 Production and Well Operations, 2.7.1 Completion Fluids, 5.3.6 Chemical Flooding Methods (e.g., Polymer, Solvent, Nitrogen, Immiscible CO2, Surfactant, Vapex), 3.2.6 Produced Water Management
- Berea Coreflood, Epoxy-resin, Water Shut-Off, Polymer, Triethylenetetraamine
- 5 in the last 30 days
- 376 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 5.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 28.00|
Well known use of epoxy-based polymer is to plug a selective layer in completion process. The similar behaviour related to its gelation as a completion fluid is a trigger to ask a question: Is epoxy-based polymer suitable for WSO (water shut-off) application too? Therefore, this paper is aimed to study the applicability of epoxy-based polymer to "reducing excessive produced water treatment" called WSO covering synthesising and core-flood experiment. An epoxy-based polymer is synthesised in various temperature and concentration of reagents those are epoxy and triethylenetetramine which are vary from 6.25% to 50% which diluted in acetone with volume over volume concentration. The polymer is then characterised using Fann-VG to know the rheology and the gelation behavior with respect to the variables above mentioned. A polymer consists of 50% (v/v) epoxy and 50% (v/v) triethylenetetramine is chosen to be applied in core-flood apparatus operating at room temperature, 20 psia injection and 120 psia confining pressure. Sandstone core with various porosity and permeability are tested to reduce its poro-perm due to epoxy-based polymer injection. Variation on concentration has shown that higher concentration gives shorter gelation period. Gelation is defined as a time required to dramatically changing the viscosity profile. These gelation data can be modelled into a simple mathematical model with multivariable consist of concentration and temperature. Sandstone cores undergo a reduction on its porosity over than 54% and permeability upto 100% which means it has potential to resist or even plug a layer with high water cut.
|File Size||4 MB||Number of Pages||17|
Regina, Joseph, A. & Ajienka, J. A. A Review of Water Shutoff Treatment Strategies in Oil Fields. SPE-136969-MS. Presented at Nigeria Annual International Conference and Exhibition, 31 July – 7 August 2010, Tinapa – Calabar, Nigeria. doi: 10.2118/136969-MS
Olsen, E. H. Case History: Water Shut-off Treatment in the Phosphoria Formation, Hot Springs County, Wyoming. Presented at the SPE Rocky Mountain Regional Meeting, 19–21 May, 1986, Billings, Montana. doi: 10.2118/15163-MS
Augustine, E., Abiodun, L., John, M., Chiji, O., Olatunji, W. & Hugues, P. Water Shut-off using Rigid Polymer: The Etelebou Experience. Presented at the Nigeria Annual International Conference and Exhibition, 2–4 August 2004, Abuja, Nigeria. doi: 10.2118/88925-MS
Sydansk, R. D. & Southwell, G. P. More Than 12 Years of Experience with a Successful Conformance-Control Polymer Gel Technology. SPE-49315-MS. Presented at SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 27–30 September 1998, New Orleans, Louisiana. doi: 10.2118/49315-MS
Azari, M. & Soliman, M. Review of Reservoir Engineering Aspects of Conformance Control Technology. SPE-35171-MS. Presented at Permian Basin Oil and Gas Recovery Conference, 27–29 March 1996, Midland, Texas. doi: 10.2118/35171-MS
Simjoo, M., Koohi, A. D., Seftie, M. V. & Zitha, P. L. J. Water Shut-Off in a Fractured System Using a Robust Polymer Gel. Presented at The 8th European Formation Damage Conference, 27–29 May 2009, Scheveningen, Netherlands. doi: 10.2118/122280-MS
Hardy, M., Botermans, W., Hamouda, A., Valdal, J. & Warren, J. The First Carbonate Field Application of a New Organically Crosslinked Water Shutoff Polymer System. Presented at SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, 16–19 February 1999, Houston, Texas. doi: 10.2118/50738-MS
Yadav, U. S. & Mahto, V. Modeling of Partially Hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide-Hexamine-Hydroquinone Gel System Used for Profile Modification Jobs in the Oil Fields. Journal of Petroleum Engineering Vol. 2013, ID 709248. doi: 10.1155/2013/709248.
Hakiki, F., Nuraeni, N., Salam, D. D., Akbari, A., Aditya., W., Mazrad, Z. & Siregar, S. Preliminary Study of Epoxy-Based Polymer for Water Shut-Off Application. IPA15-SE-025. Proceeding of the 39th Indonesian Petroleum Association Annual Convention & Exhibition, May 2015, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Bryant, S. L., Bartosek, M., Lockhart, T. P. & Giacca, D. Polymer Gelants for High Temperature Water Shutoff Applications. SPE Journal, 1997. doi: 10.2118/36911-PA.
Sydansk, R. D. Acrylamide-Polymer/Chromium (III)-Carboxylate Gels for Near Wellbore Matrix Treatments. SPE-20214. SPE Journal, April 1993. doi: 10.2118/20214-PA
Moffitt, P. D. Long-Term Production Results of Polymer Treatments in Producing Wells in Wester Kansas. SPE Journal, April 1993. 356. doi: 10.2118/22649-PA
Lockhart, T. P. & Albonico, P. A New Gelation Technology for In-Depth Placement of Cr+3/Polymer Gels in High Temperature Reservoirs. SPE 2419. Presented at the 1992 SPE/DOE 8th Symposium on EOR, Tulsa, OK, April 22–24. doi: 10.2118/24194-PA
Moffitt, P. D., Moradi-Araghi, A., Ahmed, I. & Janway, V. R. Development and Field Testing of a New Low Toxicity Polymer Crosslinking System. SPE 35173. Presented at the 1996 Permian Basin Oil and Gas Recovery Conference, Midland, TX, March 27–29, 1996. doi: 10.2118/35173-MS
Stavland, A. & Jonsbraten, H. C. New Insight into Aluminum Citrate/Polyacrylamide Gels for Fluid Control. SPE 35381. Presented at the SPE/DOE 10th Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery, Tulsa, OK, April 21–24, 1996. doi: 10.2118/35381-MS
Sengupta, B., Sharma, V. P. & Udayabhanu, G. Development and Performance of an Eco-Friendly Cross-Linked Polymer System for Water Shut-Off Technique. IPTC 14381. Presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, 7–9 February 2012, Bangkok, Thailand. doi: 10.2523/IPTC-14381-MS
Jayakumar, S. & Lane, R. H. Delayed Crosslink Polymer Gel System for Water Shutoff in Conventional and Unconventional Oil and Gas Reservoirs. Presented at the SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, 8–10 April, 2013, The Woodlands, Texas, USA. doi: 10.2118/164046-MS
PetroWiki Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE). Resin Treatment for Conformance Improvement. Link: petrowiki.org
Hess, P. H. One-Step Furfuryl Alcohol Process for Formation Plugging. SPE JPT, October 1980. doi: 10.2118/8213-PA
Fader, P. D., Surles, B. W., Shotts, N. J. & Littlefield, B. A. New Low-Cost Resin System for Sand and Water Control. SPE 24051. Presented at the Western Regional Meeting, Bakersfield, California, March 30 – April 1, 1992. doi: 10.2118/24051-MS
Littlefield, B. A., Fader, P. D. & Surles, B. W. Case Histories of New Low-Cost Fluid Isolation Technology. Presented at the 67th Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition of the SPE, Washington DC, USA, October 4–7, 1992. doi: 10.2118/24802-MS
Kabir, A. H. Chemical Water & Gas Shutoff Technology – An Overview. Presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Improved Oil Recovery Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 8–9 October 2001. doi: 10.2118/72119-MS