Faster ROP in Hard Chalk: Proving a New Hypothesis for Drilling Dynamics
- Eirik Akutsu (Det norske) | Mads Rødsjø (Det norske) | John Gjertsen (NOV) | Mats Andersen (NOV) | Nils Reimers (Tomax) | Morten Granhøy-Lieng (Tomax) | Ellen Strøm (Halliburton) | Kjell Arvid Horvei (Halliburton)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE/IADC Drilling Conference and Exhibition, 17-19 March, London, England, UK
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- SPE/IADC Drilling Conference and Exhibition
- 7.2.1 Risk, Uncertainty and Risk Assessment, 7 Management and Information, 7.2 Risk Management and Decision-Making, 7.1.8 Asset Integrity, 7.3.3 Project Management, 7.1 Asset and Portfolio Management, 1.6 Drilling Operations
- PDC, Fast, Drilling, ROP, Drillbit
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- 516 since 2007
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A well documented path to improving overall efficiency in project execution is through an integrated team approach which involves both the operator and the service suppliers. This paper describes what can be achieved when such a team adopts a fearless approach to new technology, and dares to think outside existing conventions. To be more specific, the paper covers the engineering, planning, and execution of a HTHP exploration program in the central North Sea by a Norwegian operator.
Large areas of the North Sea contain the Cretaceous period of sediments which comprise of a massive hard layer of chalk that historically has posed a major drilling risk and expense to operators in the area. To mitigate expected problems an integrated team was gathered to thoroughly analyze drilling records and lessons learned from previous offset wells and re-engineer the drilling process with the aim of minimizing cost and uncertainty when drilling the most challenging chalk interval.
The paper presents the hypothesis that formed the basis for the team effort, and the measures implemented based on said hypothesis. This includes an unconventional bit selection and the use of modern vibration measurement technology and mitigation techniques, as well as a key electro-mechanical modification of the advanced logging and directional suite completed by the lead service provider. The discussion and reasoning behind each step is included and the method was repeated in several wells with the same results, verifying the validity of the findings and making the paper a valuable input for drilling hard chalk.
The nominal result from applying the new methodology was a doubling of the rate of penetration (ROP) in the harder layers, and the entire section of problematic strata was drilled in one single bit run. Drilling time was reduced by 12 days when compared to average figures from recent offset wells representing an estimated cost saving of 15 - 20% on the overall well budget. The method and savings presented are primarily of interest to stakeholders in the central North Sea, but can also be applicable to other areas with hard chalk and stringers with similar characteristics.
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||14|
Rajabov, V., et al. 2012. The Effects of Back Rake and Side Rake Angles on Mechanical Specific Energy of Single PDC Cutters with Selected Rocks at Varying Depth of Cuts and Confining Pressures. Paper SPE/IADC 151406 presented at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference and Exhibition, San Diego, California, USA 6-8 March.