Case History: New Horizons for Downhole Flow Measurements via Coiled Tubing Equipped with Real-Time Downhole Sensors at South Ghawar Field, Saudi Arabia
- Shaker Buhassan (Saudi Aramco) | Surajit Halder (Saudi Aramco) | Hassan Tammar (Saudi Aramco) | Faisal Beheiri (Saudi Aramco) | Danish Ahmed (Schlumberger) | George Brown (Schlumberger) | Jeffrey Thomas MacGuidwin (Schlumberger) | Jacques Haus (Schlumberger) | Tullio Moscato (Schlumberger) | Nestor Molero (Schlumberger) | Fernando Baez Manzanera (Schlumberger)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Middle East Oil & Gas Show and Conference, 8-11 March, Manama, Bahrain
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2015. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 3.3.3 Downhole and Wellsite Flow Metering, 1.10 Drilling Equipment, 1.10 Drilling Equipment, 3.2.4 Acidising, 3.2 Well Operations, Optimization and Stimulation, 3.3 Well & Reservoir Surveillance and Monitoring, 4.1 Processing Systems and Design, 4 Facilities Design, Construction and Operation, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 5.6.11 Reservoir monitoring with permanent sensors, 3 Production and Well Operations
- Saudi Arabia, Down hole Sensor, South Ghawar, DFLO, Coiled Tubing
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- 220 since 2007
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During the last 5 years, one of the most common matrix acidizing enhancement techniques used to improve zonal coverage in open hole or cased hole wells is conducting a distributed temperature survey (DTS) using coiled tubing (CT) equipped with fiber-optic and real-time downhole sensors during the preflush stage before the main stimulation treatment. This is used to identify high and low intake zones so the pumping schedule can be modified to selectively place diverters and acidizing fluids with a high degree of control. Once stimulation treatment has been completed, a final DTS analysis is performed to evaluate the zonal coverage and effectiveness of the diversion. Even though this technique has provided satisfactory results, alternative methods providing faster and more accurate understanding of flow distribution between the zones and laterals are needed, especially if there is limited temperature contrast between fluids and reservoir. Thus, an innovative coiled tubing real-time flow tool has been recently developed to monitor flow direction and fluid velocity. This measurement is based on direct measurement of the heat transfer from the sensors to the surrounding fluid using a calorimetric anemometry principle. The first worldwide use of this technology in a Saudi Aramco injector well showed this to be a viable new approach to downhole flow monitoring that can be used by itself or in conjunction with DTS, depending on the constraints of each individual intervention.
|File Size||3 MB||Number of Pages||14|
Al-Gamber, S.D., Mehmood, S., Ahmed, D.et al. 2013. Tangible Values for Running Distributed Temperature Survey as Part of Stimulating Multi-Lateral Injection Well. Presented at the SPE Middle East Intelligent Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dubai, UAE, 28–30 October. SPE-167490-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/167490-MS.
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Lindsay, T.F., Cantrell, D.L., Hughes, G.W.et al. 2006. Ghawar Arab-D Reservoir: Widespread Porosity in Shoaling-Upward Carbonate Cycles, Saudi Arabia. AAPG Memoir 88. Chapter 3. http://archives.datapages.com/data/specpubs/memoir88/chapter03/CHAPTER03.HTM.