Polymer Flooding Pilot Learning Curve: 5+ Years Experience to Reduce Cost per Incremental Oil Barrel
- J. Buciak (Grupo CAPSA) | G. Fondevila Sancet (Grupo CAPSA) | L. Del Pozo (Grupo CAPSA)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 30 September-2 October, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2013, Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Enhanced Oil Recovery, Polymer Flooding, Argentina, EOR
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This paper deals with the learning curve of a 5+ years polymer flooding pilot conducted in a mature water-flood that includes several works related to injector and producer wells, reservoir management, etc. The scope of this paper is to describe the learning curve during the last five years rather than the reservoir response of the polymer flooding technique; focus is on the aspects related to reduce cost per incremental oil barrel for a possible extension to other waterflooded areas of the field.
Diadema Oil Field is located in the San Jorge Gulf Basin in the Southern portion of Argentina. The field is operated by CAPSA, an Argentinean oil producer company; it has 480 producer and 270 injector wells. The company has been developing waterflooding during more than 18 years (today this technique represents 82% of oil production in the field) and produces about 1,600 m3/d of oil and 40,000 m3/d of gross production (96% water cut) with 38,400 m3/d of water injection.
The reservoir being polymer-flooded is characterized by high permeability (500 md average), high heterogeneity (10 to 5000 md), high porosity (30%), very stratified sand-stone layers (4 to 12 m of net thickness) with poor lateral continuity (fluvial origin) and 20 °API oil (100 cp at reservoir conditions).
Diadema's Polymer Flooding Pilot started in October 2007 on 5 water injectors (it includes 13 injectors today) with an injected rate of 1000 m3/d (today, 2000 m3/d). Polymer solution is made using produced water (15000 ppm brine) and 1500 ppm of HPAM polymer reaching 15/20 cp of fluid injection viscosity.
Oil rate production from the original "central?? producers (wells that are aided with 100% of polymer injection) has increased 100% at the same time as average reduction in water cut is about 15%.
The main aspects presented in this work are: depth profile modification with cross-linked gel injected along with polymer, use of "curlers?? to regulate injection in multiple wells with one injection pump without shearing the polymer and an improved technology on producer wells with PCP to decrease shutting time and number of pulling interventions.
The plan for the next years is to extend this project to other areas by using the acquired knowledge and to improve different aspects, such as water quality and optimization of polymer plant operation, among them. These improvements will allow the company to reduce operative cost per incremental oil barrel.
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