Net Pressure Trends: Is it Permeability, Complexity or just Fluid Response?: A Workflow To Determine Stimulation Effectiveness in Naturally Fractured and Matrix-Based Permeability Reservoirs
- Lyle Vaughan Lehman (StrataGen Engineering) | Neill Northington (CARBO Ceramics, Inc.) | Wadhah Al-Tailji (StrataGen Engineering)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference, 4-6 February, The Woodlands, Texas, USA
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2013. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 1.2.3 Rock properties, 2.5.2 Fracturing Materials (Fluids, Proppant), 5.8.2 Shale Gas, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 3.2.3 Hydraulic Fracturing Design, Implementation and Optimisation, 5.8.6 Naturally Fractured Reservoir, 5.2 Reservoir Fluid Dynamics, 2.5.1 Fracture design and containment, 3 Production and Well Operations, 2.2.2 Perforating
- Stimulation, pressure, workflow, analysis, Fracture
- 0 in the last 30 days
- 571 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 9.50|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 28.00|
Hydraulic fracturing stimulation in unconventional reservoirs has taken on a new emphasis in the search for oil and liquids from these low permeability reservoirs. Today, we are attempting to achieve economic production from reservoirs that were passed over just five years ago. The fracture stimulation goal: to provide a conductive path between the reservoir and the wellbore.
However, these reservoirs are inherently difficult, at best, to evaluate and to fully understand the completion environment at a distance from the wellbore. Fortunately, there is a workflow that allows understanding of permeability sources as the fracture treatment is placed in real time and certainly in post-frac analysis. The toolbox uses a "planar?? frac model to analyze data gathered from surface sources.
This paper will discuss a workflow to differentiate between pressure trends due to fluid and/or proppant effects on friction, and actual net-pressure change due to permeability exposure by the frac fluid in the reservoir. By understanding that fracture stimulation is a highly invasive process, the authors will examine the data that can be used as a benchmarking tool for reservoir response. We will discuss examples from the Eagle Ford formation for naturally fractured permeability reservoirs and the Wolfberry trend for matrix-based reservoirs. The workflow will aid in fracture spacing in horizontal wells and well spacing in multi-layered vertical wells.
|File Size||395 KB||Number of Pages||11|