Coiled Tubing Operational Guidelines in Conjunction with Multistage Fracturing Completions in the Tight Gas Fields of Saudi Arabia
- Mohammed Al Gazal (Saudi Aramco) | Justin Tate Abel (New Tech Global) | Stuart Wilson (Schlumberger Well Services) | Henry Wortmann (Schlumberger Well Services) | Bryan Bruce Johnston (Packers Plus)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Middle East Unconventional Gas Conference and Exhibition, 23-25 January, Abu Dhabi, UAE
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2012. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 4.2.3 Materials and Corrosion, 1.6.1 Drilling Operation Management, 3 Production and Well Operations, 1.10.1 Drill string components and drilling tools (tubulars, jars, subs, stabilisers, reamers, etc), 5.8.1 Tight Gas, 2.2.2 Perforating, 2.5.4 Multistage Fracturing, 7.7.1 New Technology Deployment
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Open hole multistage fracturing (MSF) completions are becoming standard practice in the south gas fields development in Saudi Arabia with more than 25 wells completed to date using open hole packers and selective port technology.
Overall, the production results from the use of MSF completions have been very positive and the forecast is that MSF technology usage will grow considerably over the next several years. In general, MSF completions provide an excellent advantage in that they are intervention-less in their standard mode of operation. An aspect that is evolving is the secondary use of coiled tubing (CT) to handle the planned and unplanned (contingency) operations occasionally required to reach well production objectives. Without optimum operational planning and the selection of correct CT downhole tools, completion problems can be encountered and this ultimately can result in the job objective not being reached at all or only at increased costs. In addition, the use of CT to function ball-activated ports to shut off zones or to re-stimulate is starting to be appreciated.
This paper presents MSF case studies where CT has been deployed and investigates the operational impact and productivity enhancement. Correlations taken from the key hardware variables, such as fracturing port size and type, motor type, mill bit type, and CT size, are also considered and analyzed.
Following the lessons learned and best practices from these experiences, with correct implementation, the findings from this paper should increase the potential for successful multistage completion operations and ultimate improvements in productivity. These guidelines can thus be transferable to other operators using similar
MSF completion technologies.
This paper is intended to act as a guideline covering all relevant options in milling MSF ball-activated port seats with coiled tubing (CT). It should be noted that of the +8,000 (Rahim et al., 2011) MSF completion operations that have been performed worldwide, the milling of the ball-activated port seats has been performed in fewer than 10% of these jobs. The key reason is that, in nearly all cases, milling seats is seen to add risk compared to the potential positive effect on hydrocarbon production. For this paper, cases will be discussed where milling of the ball-activated port seats was necessary, and provide recommendations on the optimum bottom hole assembly (BHA) tool string set-up.
|File Size||651 KB||Number of Pages||13|