Effect of Real Time Measurements and Analysis on Carbonate Stimulation in Horizontal Open Hole Producers - Lessons Learned at Eocene Field in the Partitioned Zone
- Jamal A. Al-Rubaiyea (Kuwait Oil Company) | Adel Attia Metwally (Kuwait Gulf Oil Company) | Fahad Saleh Al-Hadyani (Schlumberger) | Sep Rune Gro Jacobsen (Schlumberger) | Saad Hamid (Dowell Schlumberger) | Ikhsan Nugraha (Schlumberger Oilfield Eastern Limited)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, 1-4 November, Abu Dhabi, UAE
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2010. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 2.3 Completion Monitoring Systems/Intelligent Wells, 4.1.5 Processing Equipment, 3.1.2 Electric Submersible Pumps, 3.3.1 Production Logging, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 5.1.5 Geologic Modeling, 5.3.2 Multiphase Flow, 2 Well Completion, 4.5.7 Controls and Umbilicals, 1.10 Drilling Equipment, 1.10.1 Drill string components and drilling tools (tubulars, jars, subs, stabilisers, reamers, etc), 3.2.2 Downhole intervention and remediation (including wireline and coiled tubing), 3.2.4 Acidising, 5.9.2 Geothermal Resources, 3.1 Artificial Lift Systems, 5.8.7 Carbonate Reservoir, 5.6.11 Reservoir monitoring with permanent sensors, 3 Production and Well Operations, 1.6.1 Drilling Operation Management, 4.2.3 Materials and Corrosion
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Several unknowns still remain in carbonate matrix acidizing. Poor correlation between porosity and permeability in carbonate formations, the possibility of natural fractures and limitations in the economically practical number of core samples often result in a largely unknown permeability variation across the pay. Intelligent fluid systems have been developed to address such uncertainty, but the lack of real time downhole data during the treatment typically prevent confirmation of the fluid system efficiency.
For well bore access, coiled tubing intervention often provides a quick and economically attractive alternative to the work over rigs, but both types of intervention have always been limited with their ability to provide downhole data. Typically, for both coiled tubing and workover interventions, a reliance on surface measurements to make inference about the downhole conditions has been used. However, mechanical and chemical processes in the near wellbore, downhole fluid movements and the above mentioned unknowns in reservoir properties make surface readings a poor estimate of true downhole conditions.
New downhole measurements provided with fiber optic enabled coiled tubing (FOECT) attempts to address some of these limitations. This novel approach deploys a downhole sensor package with fiber optic telemetry through a protective umbilical inside the coiled tubing string. The downhole sensor package provides real time temperature, pressure and depth readings with a casing collar locator, allowing the operator quantitative feedback of downhole conditions during treatment. The use of fiber optic telemetry additionally allows recording of distributed temperature surveys (DTS) for obtaining high resolution temperature profiles across the entire wellbore.
Combined interpretation of the real time downhole data and the DTS profiles enables real time feedback during and between the different stages of carbonate openhole stimulation. With DTS, fluid placement as well as changes to the injectivity profile can be interpreted at key stages of the treatment and necessary changes to the planned treatment can be implemented accordingly.
This paper outlines recent case histories, where for the first time in Kuwait fiber optic enabled coiled tubing was used to optimize stimulation treatment for the operator. These candidate wells were sub-hydrostatic pore-pressured horizontal openhole producers, completed with an electrical submersible pump (ESP) for artificial lift. The DTS system enabled the operator to identify both high permeability zones as well as tight zones across the entire openhole section. This enabled the operator to take pro-active decision on where to spot diverter and acid during the treatment. This new and modified approach to stimulation not only helped in improving production but also resulted in marked changes in treatment volumes as dictated by the DTS measurements.
The implementation of this fiber optic enabled coiled tubing workflow had a significant impact on the operator's confidence with carbonate matrix acidizing, as very limited downhole data was available for informed decisions to optimize stimulation treatments. As such, the downhole data obtained from the fiber optic enabled coiled tubing stimulation not only helped in optimizing the stimulation treatments but also help the operator to get a better understanding of the reservoir.
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