Comparative Study of Cemented Versus Uncemented Multi-Stage Fractured Wells in the Barnett Shale
- Darrell Stephen Lohoefer (Eagle Oil & Gas Co.) | Daniel Snyder (Packers Plus) | Rocky Allen Seale (Packers Plus) | Daniel Jon Themig (Packers Plus)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 19-22 September, Florence, Italy
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2010. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 3 Production and Well Operations, 2.5.4 Multistage Fracturing, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 5.8.6 Naturally Fractured Reservoir, 2.2.2 Perforating, 5.1.1 Exploration, Development, Structural Geology, 1.10.1 Drill string components and drilling tools (tubulars, jars, subs, stabilisers, reamers, etc), 5.8.2 Shale Gas, 1.10 Drilling Equipment, 1.6.6 Directional Drilling, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 3.2.3 Hydraulic Fracturing Design, Implementation and Optimisation, 5.1.2 Faults and Fracture Characterisation, 1.14 Casing and Cementing
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The industry has made a very quick turn toward both unconventional reservoirs and horizontal, multi-stage fracturing. Some industry experts have begun to question the effectiveness of recoveries in these massive reserve assets. A notable formation in these discussions has been the Barnett Shale, where a variety of methods and technologies have been used to fracture stimulate horizontal wells. In fact, much of the learning curve for completion practices has come from experimental work in this unconventional play.
From 2004 through 2006, a new, open hole, multi-stage system (OHMS) completion technology was run in Denton County, Texas. Using publically available data from the past five years, this study contrasts long-term production results from OHMS completed wells and wells completed with cemented casing.
The data set for OHMS fractured wells compared to the data set for cemented fractured wells indicates that open hole wells, on average, performed better. Significantly, no failures or shut-in periods were observed for the OHMS wells. This establishes the viability, reliability and effectiveness of this technology for the long-term life of wells not only in the Barnett, but for performance enhancement in other shale plays.
Substantial amounts of money are currently being spent to rapidly develop resource plays similar to the Barnett worldwide. Based on short-term results using current completion methods, predictions for ultimate recoveries may be overestimated. This paper evaluates the effectiveness of current completion practices by contrasting two methods in terms of production, economics, operational efficiency, and best fracturing practices to determine whether the completion method can affect overall well performance and long-term recovery.
Formation Description. The Barnett Shale is a Mississippian-age shale located in the Forth Worth Basin and covers approximately 5,000 square miles (12,950 km2) of north-central Texas (Figure 1). The Barnett represents the grandfather of shale reservoirs where "shale as source rock?? was first established, and where the necessary set of technologies, namely horizontal drilling and multi-stage fracturing, were developed to make hydrocarbon extraction economically feasible in shale.
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