Unmanned Offshore Platforms: Automation Kit
- Awan Pinosofa (PT Pertamina EP) | Alejandro Ramirez (PDVSA -Pequiven - Venezuela) | Omar Sixto Cortazar Cruz (Pemex) | Yennsy Ravelo (Ecopetrol) | Guldana Yermagaliyeva (Kazmunaygas)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Trinidad and Tobago Energy Resources Conference, 27-30 June, Port of Spain, Trinidad
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2010. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 4.2 Pipelines, Flowlines and Risers, 5.6.9 Production Forecasting, 4.5 Offshore Facilities and Subsea Systems, 4.1.7 Electrical Systems, 1.10 Drilling Equipment, 4.1.6 Compressors, Engines and Turbines, 1.6.9 Coring, Fishing, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 4.4.2 SCADA, 4.1.5 Processing Equipment, 4.9 Facilities Operations, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 4.5.3 Floating Production Systems, 3 Production and Well Operations, 7.4.3 Market analysis /supply and demand forecasting/pricing
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In the extreme volatile oil & gas market, all the operators are focusing on cost reduction to maximize the profits. Site personnel represent one of the top OPEX contributors to the offshore operation, either in term of direct as well as indirect costs. Each position in the offshore site implies an average of 2.5 people to assure the plant operation. Those prople are organized in multiple shifts to cover the full site time requirement. As direct cost, this means an average of € 500k/year per each skilled position. Each position implies also a set of indirect costs related to the logistics such as : mobilization, board & lodging and related service, sometimes very expensive.
Decrease or limit the man effort at site would bring a great impact to the operation effectiveness. Turbocompressor units usually represent the core equipment in the platform.
Could it reduce the site men effort to monitor, control & diagnosis the equipment remotely onshore? Could it improve the reliability and availability to minimize the daily maintenance? Is that really something brings value to operators? Should the OEM focus automation packages to retrofit exiting units or change design approach of the next generation of equipment?
Proper market analysis in this paper as well as real voice of the operators and experience can answer to those questions. And also in this paper will demonstrate a biz case the value the hypotetical automation kit could bring to the operators.
Oil & gas industry will keep growing in line with human needed of energy, despite there are some substitute of energy resources comes from bio energy, solar energy etc. oil & gas still become the best priority to produced due to economical consideration.
However, the oil & gas are non renewable resources and there are less of remaining resources in all over the world compare with human needed for certain periods. Now we need a lot of exploration activity in order to find new reserves.
Some offshore oil & gas exploration activities are being done in all part of the world, we believe there are still a lot of reserves burried deep inside the sea.
The most interesting things come from Infield Energy Analysts, they publish the report about the worldwide fixed platform market ("Global Perspective Fixed Platform Market Update 2008??). Infield forecasts that CAPEX spend over the next five years from 2008 for the fixed platform market is expected to be US$. 60 billion, huges amount of money, it is represent a great interesting from oil & gas companies to exploitation proved reserves in offshore fields.
Obviously, this forecast however give great opportunities to all over the stakeholder at this bussiness. Expecially to those are who have the relevant package system & equipment manufactures industries that used in the fixed offshore platform.
But the other side, almost all of exsisting production platform in the world have the same problem, most of them come from increasing of operational expenditures (OPEX). The main contributor costs are site personnel, for each skilled position must be cover by 2.5 people because of multiple shifts.
In the present day, there are the new age of information technology (IT), state of the art which combine between IT & control system. These kind of technologies offer many things of facilitation in order to solve the OPEX problem as well as reduce the costs.
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||14|