Concept Design of Floating Substation for a 200 MW Wind Farm for the Northeast U.S.
- Steffen Allan Shelley (VL Offshore) | Sung Youn Boo (VL Offshore) | Daejun Kim (VL Offshore) | William H. Luyties (PSP Pacific Sky Productions)
- Document ID
- Offshore Technology Conference
- Offshore Technology Conference, 4-7 May, Houston, Texas, USA
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2020. Offshore Technology Conference
- TLP and semi-submersible, floating substation, CAPEX, global performance, floating wind
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Floating offshore wind turbine technology, much of it developed domestically, is rapidly advancing and is in the early implementation phase, while floating substation technology is still at an early development stage. This study presents novel floating wind power substation platform designs for deepwater wind farm applications. Two types of floating substations configurations are considered to compare technical and cost performance: a semi-type "X-WindStation" and a TLP-type "TX-WindStation". The floating substation platforms are considered for a 200 MW wind farm located in 100 m (328 ft) water depth off the Northeast coast of the United States. The floating substation supports a two-deck electrical power facility that provides sufficient electrical power equipment layout area and includes temporary quarters.
Both floating substation platforms are evaluated for global performance and mooring systems (catenary for semi-type and tendon for TLP-type) with the site design metocean conditions for the extreme and survival storm seas. The results are assessed in accordance with industry standards ABS and API, and offshore engineering practices.
Capital expenditure (CAPEX) of both substation platforms for a 200 MW farm is estimated by including the electrical substation, platform hull, mooring lines, anchors, integration, installation and commissioning costs. Installed CAPEX costs of the platforms show that the semi-type substation platform cost is lower than the TLP-type cost for the case where each tendon has a dedicated anchor, whereas the cost for the TLP-type with two tendons sharing an anchor is highly comparable to, if not less than, the semi-type platform.
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