Flow Assurance Engineering in Deepwater Offshore - Past, Present, and Future
- John Bomba (Genesis) | Doreen Chin (SET) | Ashutosh Kak (Genesis) | Weihong Meng (Genesis)
- Document ID
- Offshore Technology Conference
- Offshore Technology Conference, 30 April - 3 May, Houston, Texas, USA
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2018. Offshore Technology Conference
- 1.6 Drilling Operations, 4.6 Natural Gas, 5.3 Reservoir Fluid Dynamics, 5.3.2 Multiphase Flow, 4.2 Pipelines, Flowlines and Risers, 4.3.3 Aspaltenes, 4.2 Pipelines, Flowlines and Risers, 4.3 Flow Assurance, 4 Facilities Design, Construction and Operation, 4.5 Offshore Facilities and Subsea Systems, 4.2.2 Pipeline Transient Behavior, 4.5 Offshore Facilities and Subsea Systems, 5 Reservoir Desciption & Dynamics, 4.2 Pipelines, Flowlines and Risers, 4.3.1 Hydrates, 4.2.4 Risers
- Pipeline Hydraulics, Flow Assurance, Multi-Phase Flow
- 3 in the last 30 days
- 505 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
The objective of this paper is to provide a review of the evolution of the flow assurance discipline over the years as it applies to the design of gathering and export pipeline systems. In the early days, pipeline design was essentially a job for one engineer when pipelines were on land or in shallow water, not in a new geological province, flowing temperatures / pressures were not abnormal, and had no multi-phase flow or contaminants.
This paper will identify events or circumstances that affected how "~Pipeline Hydraulics" were designed. Flow Assurance Engineering has evolved from two fundamental pillars – thermo-hydraulic analysis of fluid flow in production systems, and production chemistry.
Today, flow assurance engineers in a project not only provide predictions, but also prevention strategies, and remediation methods for:
Flow hydraulics and thermal behaviors
Performance of the production system
Guidance of operation strategies
Identification and management of solid deposition issues:
They interface with multiple disciplines involved with the project, including subsurface, pipeline and risers, subsea hardware, topsides process facilities, chemical vendors, the fluid laboratory, etc.
Beginning in the late 1940s, pipelines began transporting hydrocarbons over long distances onshore (conversion of the Big Inch Crude and Little Inch product pipelines to natural gas service for example) when unforeseen flow problems began to occur. Exploration gradually moved to nearshore drilling, and finally, to shallow water. Additional flow problems increased in complexity and magnitude.
To track how these increasingly complex flow problems affected pipeline design, this paper presents:
The evolution of Flow Assurance from simple hydraulics calculations to a well-defined engineering discipline
The critical responsibilities in current deepwater development - Greenfield and Brownfield projects
The re-shaping of Flow Assurance Engineering by digital revolution and big data technologies
The evolution of the discipline applying new technologies to unlock new reserves with longer, deeper tiebacks
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||27|
Danielson, T. J. (2012) Transient Multiphase Flow: Past, Present, and Future with Flow Assurance Perspective, Energy & Fuels 2012 26 (7), 4137–4144. DOI: 10.1021/ef300300u
Gharaibah, E., Read, A., & Scheuerer, G. (2015), Overview of CFD Multiphase Flow Simulation Tools for Subsea Oil and Gas System Design, Optimization and Operation. Offshore Technology Conference. doi:10.4043/26326-MS
Larsen, M., Hustvedt, E., Hedne, P., & Straume, T. (1997, January 1). PeTra: A Novel Computer Code for Simulation of Slug Flow. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/38841-MS.
Meng, W., Ogea, P., & King, M. (2011). Changes of Operating Procedures and Chemical Application of A Mature Deepwater Tie-back -Aspen Field Case Study. Offshore Technology Conference. doi:10.4043/21402-MS
Reistle, C. E. (1927, December 1). Summary of Existing Information on Handling Congealing Oils and Paraffin. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/927227-G.
Shock, D. A., Sudbury, J. D., & Crockett, J. J. (1955, September 1). Studies of the Mechanism of Paraffin Deposition and Its Control. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/384-G