Near-Field Ice Management Tactics for Floating Drilling in Arctic Pack Ice
- Jed Hamilton (ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company) | Ted Kokkinis (ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company) | Curtis Holub (ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company) | Dmitri Matskevitch (ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company) | Tao Cheng (ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company) | Matthew Harris (ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company) | Svetlana Shafrova (ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company)
- Document ID
- Offshore Technology Conference
- Arctic Technology Conference, 24-26 October, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2016. Offshore Technology Conference
- 1.10 Drilling Equipment, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 1.10 Drilling Equipment
- 4 in the last 30 days
- 58 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
In order to be economically viable, Arctic floating drilling in high concentration pack ice requires very high confidence that ice interaction does not lead to costly, unanticipated emergency disconnections of the rig from the well. One of the foremost near-field ice management challenges is to maintain the station-keeping drilling rig within the managed ice channel throughout periods of complex changes in ice drift direction and speed. This entails precise, continuous re-positioning of the ice management fleet, which may be located up to several kilometers up-drift of the station-keeping drilling rig, in response to changing drift. While it may seem plausible to position up-drift ice management operations based on ice drift forecasts, forecasting unfortunately has insufficient precision to achieve the necessary level of reliability. To remedy this problem, ExxonMobil has developed systematic ice management command and control tactics that maintain the station-keeping drilling rig within the managed ice channel with high confidence. The tactics are based solely on the recent drift time history, and therefore eliminate any need for ice drift forecasting for near-field ice management operations. The tactics were proven in a series of near-field ice management tests conducted during the Oden Arctic Technology Research Cruise (OATRC 2015). OATRC2015 was performed by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in cooperation with the Swedish Polar Research Secretariat and support and participation by ExxonMobil. Over a period of ten days during September, 2015, in which there were many complex Coriolis-driven ice drift loops and cusps and rapid drift direction changes, the methodology was able to successfully manage ice ahead of a fixed way point such that the point remained well within the managed ice channel at all times. The key features of the approach are described herein and include the use of variable length "arched racetrack" icebreaking patterns and an algorithm for continuously adjusting the position and size of the racetracks based on the measured ice drift speed and direction.
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||11|
Hamilton, J.M., Holub, C.J., and Blunt, J., 2011. Simulation of Ice Management Fleet Operations Using Two Decades of Beaufort Sea Ice Drift and Thickness Time Histories. In Proc. of the 22nd International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference (ISOPE), Maui, Hawaii, USA, June-19-24, 2011. Vol. 1, pp 1100–1107.
Maddock, B., Bush, A., Wojahn, T., Kokkinis, T., Younan, A., and Hawkins, J., 2011. Advances in Ice Management for Deepwater Drilling in the Beaufort Sea. In Proc. of the 21st International Conference on Ports and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions (POAC), Montreal, Canada, July 10-14, 2011. POAC11-050.
Piercy, G., Ralph, F., Barrett, J., Macneill, A., Jordaan, I., Younan, A., and Fenz, D., 2016. Design of a Shipboard Local Load Measurement System to Collect Managed Ice Load Data. In Proc. of the Arctic Technology Conference (ATC), St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, October 24-26, 2016. OTC-27342.
Rutter, Inc., 2016. Rutter Ice Navigator Detection and Navigation System, http://www.rutter.ca/ice-navigator.
Shafrova, S., Holub, C., Harris, M., Cheng, T., Matskevitch, D., Foltz, R., and Mitchell, D., 2016. Common Operational Picture COP Requirements for Floating Drilling in Pack Ice. In Proc. of the Arctic Technology Conference (ATC), St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, October 24-26, 2016. OTC-27343.