Mapping gas Hydrate Systems in the Gulf of Mexico Using Marine CSEM
- Karen Weitemeyer (University of Southampton) | Steven Constable (Scripps Institution of Oceanography) | Kerry Key (Scripps Institution of Oceanography)
- Document ID
- Offshore Technology Conference
- Offshore Technology Conference, 05-08 May, Houston, Texas
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2014. Offshore Technology Conference
- 1.6 Drilling Operations, 4.3.1 Hydrates
- electromagnetics, CSEM, 2.5D, gas hydrate
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An extensive marine controlled source electromagnetic (CSEM) data set was collected in the Gulf of Mexico targeting gas hydrate deposits at four geologically distinct areas within water depths that varied from 900 to 3000 m. The Joint Industry Project 2 drilled two of these locations, Green Canyon 955 and Walker Ridge 313, providing ground truth for the CSEM data. A third survey location, Mississippi Canyon 118 (MC118), is a designated hydrate observatory. We collected both traditional ocean bottom electromagnetic receiver data as well as continuous profiling data using a novel towed three-axis electric field receiver. The towed receiver measured data at a fixed offset of 300 m behind the transmitter, while the ocean bottom receivers recorded data over a range of offsets as the transmitter passed by each receiver. We inverted the CSEM data using a newly developed parallel goal-oriented adaptive finite element-modeling algorithm for efficient 2.5D imaging of the CSEM data. 2D inversions from MC118 are consistent with 1D apparent resistivity pseudosections and reveal resistive areas associated with the carbonate/hydrate mound. An extensive conductive region exists below this, associated with conductive brines sourced from a deeper more resistive salt body. Away from the mound the resistivity structure is a fairly uniform and homogeneous. We present new 2D inversions of the CSEM data that consider electrical anisotropy and constrained inversions that leverage structural control using key seismic horizons along the profiles.
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||5|
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