An enormous body of scientific research and testing has been conducted in the past 50-years on the techniques and technologies available for responding to oil spill in icy conditions, including spills in the Arctic. To build on this existing research and continue improving the technologies and methodologies for Arctic spill response, nine international oil and gas companies (BP, Chevron, ConocoPhillips, Eni, ExxonMobil, North Caspian Operating Company (NCOC), Shell, Statoil, and Total) established the Arctic Oil Spill Response Technology - Joint Industry Programme (JIP). The goal is to advance arctic oil spill response strategies and equipment as well as to increase understanding of potential impacts of oil on the marine environment. This JIP has brought together the world’s foremost experts on oil spill response research, development, and operations from across industry, academia, and independent research centres to undertake the technical work and scientific studies. Research projects are being conducted in six key areas: Dispersants, Environmental Effects, Trajectory Modelling, Remote Sensing, Mechanical Recovery, and In Situ Burning (ISB). Solid progress has been made with technology assessments identifying and summarizing the state-of-the-art in dispersants, remote sensing and ISB being completed.
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