A Study of Hydraulic Fracture Geometry Concerning Complex Geologic Condition in Shales
- Tong Zhou (China University of Petroleum in Beijing) | Shicheng Zhang (China University of Petroleum in Beijing) | Yushi Zou (China University of Petroleum in Beijing) | Xinfang Ma (China University of Petroleum in Beijing) | Ning Li (China University of Petroleum in Beijing) | Siying Hao (China University of Petroleum in Beijing) | Yonghua Zheng (Schlumberger Zhongyu Shale Gas Technical Services Chongqing)
- Document ID
- International Petroleum Technology Conference
- International Petroleum Technology Conference, 14-16 November, Bangkok, Thailand
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2016. International Petroleum Technology Conference
- 5.5 Reservoir Simulation, 2.5.2 Fracturing Materials (Fluids, Proppant), 5.8.2 Shale Gas, 4.1 Processing Systems and Design, 5 Reservoir Desciption & Dynamics, 3 Production and Well Operations, 1.10 Drilling Equipment, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 4 Facilities Design, Construction and Operation, 1.10 Drilling Equipment, 2 Well completion, 5.8 Unconventional and Complex Reservoirs, 5.1.2 Faults and Fracture Characterisation
- Fracture geometry, Shale, Bedding, Hydraulic fracturing, Dip angle
- 1 in the last 30 days
- 192 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 7.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 23.00|
The Lujiaping shale gas formation in Sichuan Basin, SW China, is 1400m deep and has high dip angles. Moreover, it is also subjected to the strike-slip fault geostress and contains highly developed bedding planes and natural fractures. The complex geologic condition makes the fracturing treatment effect hard to predict. This paper aims to establish a simulation model to predict the created hydraulic fracture geometry so as to provide appropriate stimulation strategy. Based on the discrete element method, a novel three-dimensional fracture propagation model is established. The transverse isotropy constitutive relations are primarily introduced to characterize the layered shale in the high dip angle formation. Then, the model is used to investigate how the hydraulic fracture geometry changes with different parameters, such as in-situ stress distribution, natural fracture density, fluid viscosity, and pump rate. The model is validated through experimental data, which shows the simulation result is in accordance with the experimental observation. Taking the complex geologic conditions as the initial condition and assuming the formation dip angle as 50°, the high differential stress which is the difference between overburden stress and minimum horizontal stress enhances the fracture propagation in the vertical direction. At 5 MPa of differential stress, the increase of fracturing fluid viscosity can reduce the influence of bedding plane on fracture geometry. The increase of pump rate is helpful to decrease the restriction of bedding plane on fracture propagation so as to improve the stimulation effect. In addition, the high density of natural fracture will further enlarge the impact on the fracture geometry. This work is a theoretical study of predicting the hydraulic fracture geometry under complex geologic conditions, which provides the technical guidance for the optimization of the fracturing treatment in Lujiaping shale gas formation.
|File Size||12 MB||Number of Pages||19|
Li H, Zou Y.S., Liu S., Jing Y.Z. 2016. Prediction of fracture initiation pressure and fracture geometries in elastic isotropic and anisotropic formations. Rock Mech Rock Eng, DOI 10.1007/s00603-016-1002–4.
Rutledge J., Xin Yu, Leaney S.Bennett L., Maxwell S., 2014. Microseismic shearing generated by fringe cracks and bedding-plane Slip. In: SEG Annual Meeting, Society of Exploration Geophysicists. doi: SEG-2014–0896.
ZouY.S., Zhang S.C., Ma X.F., Zhou T., 2016. Numerical investigation of hydraulic fracture network propagation in naturally fractured shale formations, Journal of Structural Geology, DOI: 10.1016/j.jsg.2016.01.004.
ZouY.S., Ma X.F., Zhang S.C., Zhou T., 2016. Numerical Investigation into the Influence of Bedding Plane on Hydraulic Fracture Network Propagation in Shale Formations, Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, DOI: 10.1007/s00603-016-1001–5.