|Publisher||Society of Petroleum Engineers||Language||English|
|Content Type||Conference Paper|
|Title||Major Accidents in Oil and Gas Industries|
|Authors||Drogaris, G.K., Commission of the European Communities|
SPE Health, Safety and Environment in Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Conference, 11-14 November 1991, The Hague, Netherlands
|Copyright||Copyright 1991, Society of Petroleum Engineers, Inc.|
The Major Accident Reporting System (MARS) has been established by the Commission of the European Communities for collecting in a structured way information on Major Accidents in industrial installations involving dangerous chemical substances occurring in the territory of Member States and for distributing the experience gained from them to all Member Countries for improving their accident and loss prevention policies and practices. practices. By the middle of 1991, about six and a half years after the SEVESO-Directive was enforced, a total of one hundred eleven (111) accidents had been notified by the National Competent Authorities and registered in MARS. Analysis of the accident reports underlines the importance of the following two factors for an effective accident prevention: prevention: a) managerial attitude to safety; b) application of a structured hazard identification procedure.
A total of thirty five (35) accidents, more than one third of the accidents notified, refer to oil and gas installations.
This paper contains the major conclusions of the study of the accidents after their classification according to various parameters (e.g. type of activity, type of accident, substances involved, consequences, causative factors). Further study of the accident reports enables the extraction of lessons to be learned from them that can be applied for preventing similar occurrences or mitigating the consequences of such accidents. Illustrative lessons learned from accidents involving gas and oil products are also presented.
The Council Directive 82/501/EEC 1, which is also known as the "SEVESO" or "post-SEVESO" Directive aims to the harmoniztion of national approaches to industrial safety in order to achieve an ever increasing protection of man and environment from hazards in handling and storing hazardous substances. The Commission from this Directive has the obligation to improve the exchange of information among the Member States on the experience acquired with regard to the prevention of major accidents and the mitigation of prevention of major accidents and the mitigation of their consequences. Member States are also obliged to inform the Commission on major accidents occurring within their territory; the Commission, in turn, has to set up and keep at the disposal of the Member States a register containing the summary of these major accidents including an analysis of their causes, experience gained and measures taken, to enable the Member States to use this information for prevention purposes. purposes. The MARS has been set up by the Institute of Systems Engineering and Informatics at the Ispra site of the JRC in order to enable the Commission to fulfil the above mentioned requirements.
Information acquired by the Commission in the course of implementation of this Directive is considered confidential. Hence, the content of MARS is available only to the National Competent Authorities for the implementation of the SEVESO-Directive. These confidentiality provisions, however, do not preclude the publication by the Commission of general data and information on matters of safety provided that neither specific details regarding particular undertakings are disclosed nor that industrial secrecy is jeopardized.
|File Size||794 KB||11|