Carbon Management Technology Conference,
7-9 February 2012,
Orlando, Florida, USA
As we all know Carbon Capture and Storage is a key technology in helping to
move to a less carbon intensive world. The concept is simple: capture the
products of combustion that have a deleterious effect on the environment, and
dispose of them safely – an elegant disposal solution being to put them back
The reality is less simple. There are technical challenges of scale – how to
move from the lab to the giant power station – and of safety; geological
challenges – how to show that it will not leak out; commercial challenges – how
to fund the project, how to manage liability; and finally regulatory and
societal challenges stemming from the novelty of the projects.
Over the past four years a consortium of Shell, National Grid and ScottishPower
has been working together, sponsored by the UK Government CCS Demonstration
“competition” to try to develop a commercial scale CCS project.
The project that emerged from this collaboration involved a proposal to capture
two million tonnes of CO2 per annum from Longannet Power Station near
Edinburgh, and transport it for storage in the offshore Goldeneye depleted gas
reservoir approx 400 km away in the North Sea, starting in 2015/2016. The
Consortium engaged on an extensive FEED (Front End Engineering Design)
programme, combined with regulatory engagement and significant commercial
This high level of maturity means that we have what we believe are well thought
out answers to the challenges outlined above. This paper describes the journey
and discusses the main challenges and their solutions.