J. Litynski, T. Rodosta, US DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory; L.
Myer, R. Kane, G. Washington, Leonardo Technologies
Carbon Management Technology Conference,
7-9 February 2012,
Orlando, Florida, USA
Fossil fuels are considered the most dependable, cost-effective energy source
in the world. The availability of these fuels to provide clean, affordable
energy is essential for domestic and global prosperity and security well into
the 21st century. However, a balance is needed between energy security and
increasing concerns over the impacts due to increasing concentrations of
greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere – particularly carbon dioxide (CO2).
At present, roughly one-third of the CO2 emissions in the United States come
from power plants. A combined portfolio of carbon management options can be
implemented to manage current emission levels while enhancing energy security
and building the technologies and knowledge base for export to other countries
faced with reducing emissions. The U.S. portfolio includes: (1) use fuels with
reduced carbon intensity – renewables, nuclear, and natural gas; (2) adopt more
efficient technologies on both the energy demand and supply sides; and (3) use
carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology. CCS is a viable emission
management option because numerous studies have shown that it can account for
up to 55 percent of the emissions mitigation needed to stabilize and ultimately
reduce concentrations of CO2.
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched its CCS Program in 1997, after
holding a stakeholders workshop to obtain feedback from the technical and
commercial sectors on its draft research plan. Advice was solicited from
participants on their perspectives for priorities for the R&D
Consistent with Administration and Congressional priorities, CCS continues to
be a key element of DOE’s research and development (R&D) portfolio.
Implemented by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) within DOE’s
Office of Fossil Energy (FE), the program is playing a lead role in CCS
technology development and has made significant advances in the development of
a broad range of effective and economically viable technologies. The DOE
Program is being implemented through a Carbon Capture Program and Carbon
Storage Program within FE.